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[转载]LaTeX中参考文献管理以及注意事项

已有 293 次阅读 2020-2-14 11:50 |系统分类:科研笔记|文章来源:转载

转自csucat博客

使用LaTeX写作,很重要的一个部分就是参考文献的制作,LaTeX使用bibtex管理文章的参考文献,bibtex即是一种工具,又是一种格式的代表,它要求使用*.bib格式的文件,你可以把自己用到的参考文献按照特定的格式写到bib文件中,大概写出来样子如下图

image

这些文件都是普通的文本文件,可以用手一个一个输入,但是显然有点麻烦的。所以最好还是使用工具,推荐一款免费工具,JabRef,可以满足使用要求

1.关于多个作者的姓名如何正确分开

一般来说,如果一篇文章有多个作者,作者直接用and 连接,作者姓名按照first name last name或者first name middle name last name来写即可,如果一个作者名字不是这种形式,那么需要用花括号把作者的last name 括起来,以便bibtex程序能够正确识别作者姓名。

例如: San Zhang and Si Li and Ma Zi Wang    G{\”o}del      Jose {Dos Santos}

2.常见的参考文献类型以及域(field)类型

LaTeX primer 第35页中,有详细的关于参考文献类型以及每种类型要求的必填的域以及一些可选择的域。感兴趣可以看一下。

  • 参考文献类型

    • @article :An article from a journal or magazine

    • @book: A book with an explicit publisher

    • @booklet: A work that is printed and bound, but without a named publisher or sponsoring institution

    • @conference: The same as inproceedings

    • @inbook: A part of a book, which may be a chapter (or section or whatever) and/or a range of pages

    • @incollection: A part of a book having its own title

    • @inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings

    • @manual: Technical documentation

    • @mastersthesis: A Master's thesis

    • @misc: Use this type when nothing else fits

    • @phdthesis: A PhD thesis

    • @proceedings: The proceedings of a conference

    • @techreport: A report published by a school or other institution, usually numbered within a series

    • @unpublished: A document having an author and title, but not formally published

  • 域类型

    •       An annotation. It is not used by the standard bibliography styles, but may be used by others that produce an annotated bibliography.

    • address

    •      Usually the address of the publisher or other type of institution. For major publishing houses, van Leunen recommends omitting the information entirely. For small publishers, on the other hand, you can help the reader by giving the complete address.

    • annote

    • author

    • The name(s) of the author(s), in the format described in the LaTeX book.

    • booktitle

    • Title of a book, part of which is being cited. See the LaTeX book for how to type titles. For book entries, use the title field instead.

    • chapter

    • A chapter (or section or whatever) number.

    • crossref

    • The database key of the entry being cross referenced. Any fields that are missing from the current record are inherited from the field being cross referenced.

    • edition

    • The edition of a book---for example, ``Second''. This should be an ordinal, and should have the first letter capitalized, as shown here; the standard styles convert to lower case when necessary.

    • editor

    • Name(s) of editor(s), typed as indicated in the LaTeX book. If there is also an author field, then the editor field gives the editor of the book or collection in which the reference appears.

    • howpublished

    • How something strange has been published. The first word should be capitalized.

    • institution

    • The sponsoring institution of a technical report.

    • journal

    • A journal name. Abbreviations are provided for many journals.

    • key

    • Used for alphabetizing, cross referencing, and creating a label when the ``author'' information is missing. This field should not be confused with the key that appears in the cite command and at the beginning of the database entry.

    • month

    • The month in which the work was published or, for an unpublished work, in which it was written. You should use the standard three-letter abbreviation, as described in Appendix B.1.3 of the LaTeX book.

    • note

    • Any additional information that can help the reader. The first word should be capitalized.

    • number

    • The number of a journal, magazine, technical report, or of a work in a series. An issue of a journal or magazine is usually identified by its volume and number; the organization that issues a technical report usually gives it a number; and sometimes books are given numbers in a named series.

    • organization

    • The organization that sponsors a conference or that publishes a manual.

    • pages

    • One or more page numbers or range of numbers, such as 42--111 or 7,41,73--97 or 43+ (the `+' in this last example indicates pages following that don't form a simple range). To make it easier to maintain Scribe-compatible databases, the standard styles convert a single dash (as in 7-33) to the double dash used in TeX to denote number ranges (as in 7--33).

    • publisher

    • The publisher's name.

    • school

    • The name of the school where a thesis was written.

    • series

    • The name of a series or set of books. When citing an entire book, the the title field gives its title and an optional series field gives the name of a series or multi-volume set in which the book is published.

    • title

    • The work's title, typed as explained in the LaTeX book.

    • type

    • The type of a technical report---for example, ``Research Note''.

    • volume

    • The volume of a journal or multi-volume book.

    • year

    • The year of publication or, for an unpublished work, the year it was written. Generally it should consist of four numerals, such as 1984, although the standard styles can handle any year whose last four nonpunctuation characters are numerals, such as `\hbox{(about 1984)}'.

      3.其他注意事项

    • (1)title中的字母大小写对最终输出是没有影响的,大小写等格式由bibliographystyle决定,因此如果想要保持title中某些字母的大写,需要用花括号把字母括起来。

    • 如:title = "Proof of the {R}iemann {H}ypothesis"

         (2)如果一篇文章还未发表,需要在note这个域加入说明,如,写上preprint,提供url等.

    • 参考文章

    • 1,与参考文献书写有关的一些知识,https://web.archive.org/web/20130620150431/http://amath.colorado.edu/documentation/LaTeX/reference/faq/bibstyles.html

      2,关于参考文献中名字如何写的文章,http://nwalsh.com/tex/texhelp/bibtx-23.html

      3,对如何写参考文献的一些建议,http://www.math.uiuc.edu/~hildebr/tex/bibliographies0.html

      4,一些如何写参考文献的具体操作,http://www.math.uiuc.edu/~hildebr/tex/bibliographies.html




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