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[转载]【电信学】【2013.01】面向健康和福祉的物联网技术和体系架构

已有 338 次阅读 2019-12-10 16:34 |系统分类:科研笔记|文章来源:转载

本文为瑞典皇家理工学院(作者:ZHIBO PANG)的博士论文,共91页。

 

物联网(IoT)这一新兴技术的突破有望为食品供应链(FSC)和家庭保健(IHH)提供有希望的解决方案,这可能对人类健康和福祉做出重大贡献。本文分别研究了食品物联网和健康物联网两种应用的技术和体系架构。

 

本文旨在解决无线传感器网络体系架构、设备体系架构和系统集成体系架构的一系列研究问题。为了减少市场投入时间和失败的风险,在技术发展的早期阶段,业务方面比以前更多地被考虑,因为物联网的技术和应用在今天还不成熟。我们已经解决的使能设备面临的挑战包括:WSN移动性和广域部署、资源受限无线传感器设备中的高效数据压缩、可靠的通信协议栈体系架构以及与低成本智能和交互式封装(I2Pack)的集成。相应地,提出并论证了WSANWAN-SAN相干体系架构、基于RTOS和多处理器友好的栈结构、基于内容提取的数据压缩算法和基于CDMI2Pack解决方案。在系统层面,我们已经解决了关于有效整合分散设备和技术的挑战,包括EIS和信息集成架构,例如食品IoT的货架寿命预测和实时供应链重新规划,以及健康IoT的设备和服务集成架构。此外,我们还讨论了一些挑战,在顶级业务层面,包括价值链模型和价值主张的食品物联网,以及合作生态系统模型的健康物联网。这些发现是通用的,不依赖于我们的专有技术和设备。为了更广泛地说明,我们已经展示了一种有效的研究方法,即所谓的商业技术协同设计(BTCD,以解决当今对物联网研究的基本挑战——缺乏基本技术和实际业务需求的对齐。我们的设计实践证明了它的有效性,这可能是未来“物联网”研究中必不可少的“心态改变”。

 

The emerging technology breakthrough of theInternet-of-Things (IoT) is expected to offer promising solutions for foodsupply chain (FSC) and in-home healthcare (IHH), which may significantlycontribute to human health and well-being. In this thesis, we have investigatedthe technologies and architectures of the IoT for these two applications asso-called Food-IoT and Health-IoT respectively. We intend to resolve a seriesof research problems about the WSN architectures, device architectures andsystem integration architectures. To reduce the time-to-market and risk offailure, business aspects are taken into account more than before in the earlystage of technology development because the technologies and applications ofIoT are both immature today. The challenges about enabling devices that we haveaddressed include: the WSN mobility and wide area deployment, efficient datacompression in resource-limited wireless sensor devices, reliable communicationprotocol stack architecture, and integration of acting capacity to the low costintelligent and interactive packaging (I2Pack). Correspondingly, the WAN-SANcoherent architecture of WSN, the RTOSbased and multiprocessor friendly stackarchitecture, the content-extraction based data compression algorithm, and theCDM-based I2Pack solution are proposed and demonstrated. At the system level,we have addressed the challenges about effective integration of scattereddevices and technologies, including EIS and information integrationarchitectures such as shelf-life prediction and real-time supply chainre-planning for the Food-IoT, and device and service integration architecturesfor the Health-IoT. Additionally, we have also addressed some challenges at thetop business level, including the Value Chain Models and Value Proposition ofthe Food-IoT, and the cooperative ecosystem model of the Health-IoT. Thesefindings are generic and not dependent on our proprietary technologies anddevices. To be more generalized, we have demonstrated an effective researchapproach, the so-called Business-Technology Co-Design (BTCD), to resolve anessential challenge in nowadays research on the IoT -- the lack of alignment ofbasic technology and practical business requirements. We have shown itseffectiveness by our design practice. It could be an instructive example of“the change of mindset” which is essential for the IoT research in the future.

 

 

引言

基本设备与技术

创新业务的系统集成

与本文相关的论文及贡献

结论

参考文献


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