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[转载]【无人机】【2013.04】舰载无人驾驶载具的发射和回收系统:研究和初步概念

已有 371 次阅读 2019-10-16 19:47 |系统分类:科研笔记|文章来源:转载


本文为瑞典皇家理工学院(作者:MARCUS ERIKSSON)的硕士论文,共96页。

 

本硕士论文是一个探索性的研究:用于无人载具和RHIB:s概念设计的发射和回收系统(LARS),这是在瑞典卡尔斯克洛纳蒂森克虏伯海洋系统AB已经开发出的两个概念产品,一个用于飞行器(UAV:s),一个用于水面和水下载具(USVRHIBUUV)。设计这两个LARS的目标是满足海军对更大的非舰载能力不断增长的需求。这两个概念被设计成一个90米长的海军舰艇上的综合解决方案,并基于将在2015 - 2020年得到验证的技术。为了实现使用将在2015 - 2020年得到验证的技术的目标,已经对现有和未来可能的解决方案进行了评估。从评估中为每个概念选择了一种技术,以便进一步开发。

 

在研制用于飞行器的LARS时,只考虑了固定翼无人机。该概念原型是在参考无人机Shadow200B的基础上设计,它的重量为170公斤。所提出的概念是一种既能有效发射又能回收参考无人机的伞式升降机。在水面和水下航行器系统的开发中,只考虑了跨度为1 - 12米的航行器长度。已经开发的概念原型是一个尾滑道系统,使用雪橇式滑道发射并回收所有三种载具。已开发的两个概念原型处于早期设计状态,因此论文的结果应视为对每个系统性能的估计。

 

This master’s thesis paper is anexploratory study along with conceptual design of launch and recovery systems(LARS) for unmanned vehicles and RHIB:s, which has been conducted forThyssenKrupp Marine System AB in Karlskrona, Sweden. Two concepts have beendeveloped, one for aerial vehicles (UAV:s) and one for surface and underwatervehicles (USV, RHIB and UUV). The goal when designing the two LARS has been tomeet the growing demand within the world navies for greater off-boardcapabilities. The two concepts have been designed to be an integrated solutionson a 90 m long naval ship and based on technology that will be proven in year2015-2020. To meet the goal of using technology that will be proven in year2015-2020, existing and future possible solutions has been evaluated. From theevaluations one technique for each concept was chosen for further development.In the development of a LARS for aerial vehicles only fixed wing UAV:s havebeen considered. The concept was made for a reference UAV based on the UAVShadow 200B, which has a weight of 170 kg. The concept that was developed is aparasail lifter that can both launch and recover the reference UAV effectively.In the development of a system for surface and underwater vehicles only vehiclelengths in the span 1-12 m have been considered. The concept that has beendeveloped is a stern ramp that uses a sled to launch and recover all threevehicle types. The two concepts that has been developed are in an early designstate and the papers results should therefore be seen as an estimation of whateach system are capable of performing.

 

引言

设计方法

概念产生:UAV发射与回收

概念分析:UAV发射与回收

概念产生:水面与水下载具发射与回收

概念分析:水面与水下载具发射与回收

概念与解决方案

附录评估类别的权重

附录用于计算帆伞的空气动力系数

附录帆伞升降器的估计可操作性图表

附录D Beufort风力等级vs. Pierson-Moskowitz海况


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