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ABBS: Virus-like particle vaccine elicits immunity

已有 727 次阅读 2018-9-14 09:20 |个人分类:期刊新闻|系统分类:论文交流

Virus-like particle vaccine by intranasal vaccination elicits protective immunity against respiratory syncytial viral infection in mice

Mengying Cai, Cheng Wang, Yufeng Li, Hongjing Gu, Sujing Sun, Yueqiang Duan, Chengcai Lai, Keyu Wang, Xiaolan Yang, Li Xing, Peirui Zhang, Zhaohai Wang, Shaogeng Zhang, Xiaodong Guo, Shubing Liu, Yigang Tong, Xiliang Wang, and Penghui Yang

Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, Beijing100071, China

Acta Biochim Biophys Sin 2017, 49: 74–82; doi: 10.1093/abbs/gmw118

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of lower respiratory infection in infants and children, but there is still no licensed vaccine available. In this report, we developed virus-like particle (VLP) vaccines based on the Bac-to-Bac baculovirus expression system, consisting of an influenza virus matrix (M1) protein and the RSV fusion protein (F) or glycoprotein (G). These RSV VLPs were identified by western blot analysis and electron microscopy. Female BALB/c mice immunized intranasally (i.n.) with RSV-F VLPs, RSV-G VLPs, or both showed viral-specific antibody responses against RSV. Total IgG, IgG1, IgG2a, and mucosal IgA were detected in mice with RSV-F plus RSV-G VLPs, revealing potent cellular and mucosal immune responses. Moreover, we found that these mixed RSV VLPs conferred enhanced protection against live RSV challenges, showing significant decreases in lung viral replication and obvious attenuation of histopathological changes associated with viral infections. These results demonstrate that RSV-F plus RSV-G VLPs by intranasal vaccination is a promising vaccine candidate that warrants further evaluation using cotton rat and primate models. 

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Experimental schedule and RSV A2-specific antibody responses to RSV VLPs 

阅读全文: http://www.abbs.org.cn/arts.asp?id=4109

获取全文: abbs@siba.ac.cn

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