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SCI论文写作高频词汇短语汇总

已有 1430 次阅读 2018-8-9 06:33 |个人分类:论文写作|系统分类:论文交流| 常用词汇

 

投必得学术在本期与大家分享SCI论文写作中的高频词汇短语。虽然大家的学科领域不同,但起承转合的论文写作逻辑套路是共通的,掌握了这些高频词汇和短语,了解了提示文章逻辑的连接词,又掌握了文章论述中惯用的表达方式,一定能帮您在SCI论文写作过程中更轻松容易,提高写作效率。

说起英语论文写作的重要性,相信广大做科研的小伙伴们可能各有各的领悟。Publish or perish, 发表或者毁灭,真是让人痛并渴望着。要想在科研界混,没有几篇拿得出手的SCI,还怎么愉快得在小伙伴面前装B, 还怎么在申请标书课题的时候拿来装点一下门面?但很多做科研的人,做起实验来是如鱼得水,潇洒自如,但是对于英文写作是望而生畏,一直苦于入门难,写成难,想写好更难。

不要紧,科研是一个讲规矩的世界,不但做课题设计有套路规范,英语论文写作也有一些基本的常识和构架在其中,其实把科研论文拆解来看,就会发现科研论文的格式很像是八股文,有很明显的套路的痕迹,依然是遵循起承转合的模式框架。Amy老师会在接下来的一系列课里帮大家梳理一下这些英语论文写作的必备基础知识和框架套路,再加上大家自身本学科领域的实验数据编排,慢慢融会贯通,运用自如,教大家如何更好地把文章推销给最好的出版社买家。虽然洋洋洒洒写上成千上万字的英文论文看上去有点头大,但是我们用模块化思维进行一一拆解,大家熟练掌握这些规则,相信肯定假以时日肯定能对英文写作驾轻就熟,也能对其他题材的英文文章写作有一定的启发和助益。希望大家从这门课程中Get more than scientific paper

在这一节,我先带着大家对英语论文写作的高频词汇和短语部分做一个整理和总结。俗话说,巧妇难为无米之炊。什么是科研论文写作的米呢,就是词汇和短语。在基础科研中,要想文章写得准确清晰,要有多大的词汇量才够用呢?第一点建议是大家对自己研究术语表达和内涵要清楚,为了增加文章的多样化表达,对应常用专业术语的各种同义词表述要做一个整理。第二点,大家要掌握英语论文写作的高频词汇,像是逻辑连接词、程度副词、动词、上义词和下义词的指代等等。

第一部分,我先介绍一些英语论文写作中常用的逻辑连接词。如何让读者快速抓到文章的脉络呢,这其中少不了逻辑连接词的功劳,逻辑连接词的作用就好比是线,把一个个的论点论据给串起来。逻辑连接词也是文章逻辑最直观的体现。

并列递进

moreover,   in addition, furthermore, besides, likewise, also, then, additionally

转折

not, yet, however,   nevertheless, nonetheless, meanwhile, on the other hand, on the contrary,   conversely, paradoxically, by contrast, in spite ofrather than, instead   of, unfortunately

解释

in other words, in fact, as   a matter of fact, that is, namely, in simpler terms

对比比较

Likewise, Similarly, In   parallel to, while, whereas,

原因

because, because of, as,   since, owing to, due to, thanks to, for this reason

结果

therefore, as a result,   then, consequently, thus, hence, so, therefore, accordingly, consequently, as   consequence

举例

for example, for instance,   as such, such as, take ...for example, to illustrate, to name a few

总结

overall, eventually, consequently,   in summary, in a word, as a result,   together, collectively, thus, hence, consequently, on the whole, in   conclusion, to sum up, in brief, to conclude, to summarize, in short, briefly

强调

surprisingly,   interestingly, intriguingly, strikingly, unexpectedly, clearly, obviously,   apparently, in fact, indeed, actually, as a matter of fact, undoubtedly,   notably, specifically, particularly, especially

firstly, ... secondly, ...   finally ...; first, ... then ... etc.

让步

although, after all, in   spite of..., despite, even if, even though, though, admittedly, given that

可能

presumably, probably,   perhaps

 

第二部分,我们根据科研论文写作中必备的套路来个性化总结一些词组的使用。

1、大家在文章中肯定有这样一句,虽然这个科学问题很重要,然而有哪个具体的细节关键我们还不知道。“不知道”有哪些表述方式呢?

virtually/largely unknown, elusive, unclear, much less explored, surprisingly limited, less understood, unsolved, scarcely understood

2、如果是研究某些新材料、新技术等,我们在文章中又该从哪几个方面来夸我们的成果呢?

reliability and validity, robust and fundamental, efficiency and specificity, cost-effectiveness(price), the simplicity of the protocols, the amount of labor required, equipment requirementnecessary or sufficient

3、在引用别人文献中的论点论据时,我们该如何表述“别人说”呢?

clearly/obviously demonstrate, reveal, illustrate, prove, show, report, implicate, confirm, describe

4执行动词的第N种表示方法。在引述别人工作的时,别人都如何“做”呢?

examine, perform, carry out, observe, compare, investigate, indicate, show, manipulate, test, establish, identify, detect, stimulate, analyse, assess, suggest, propose, speculate, determine, find, apply, purify, construct a model, devised a protocol, calculate, categorize, conduct, imply, measure, explore, reason, observe, summarize, conduct, reveal, measure, estimate, employ, support, resolve

5、关于方式方法效应评价,你真的可以玩转吗?

plays a central/ pivotal/ vital key/essential role

a powerful regulator/ a key molecular determinant, a well-accepted model

influence, affect, rescue, reverse, lead to, contribute to, attribute to, ascribe to, drop, reduce, increasing, attenuate, ameliorate, improve, mount, accumulate

6、写文章免不了溯古叙今,时间表述词,你掌握了吗?

recently, most recently, at the same time/period, since then, for several decades

7、重大影响的描述,教你如何夸成果

pushing the boundariesrecent/enormous advance, progress, knowledge, historic, perspectives, new/novel insights, seminal discovery, an emerging theme, major/important findings, a better understanding

 

冰冻三尺,非一日之寒,大家平时看文献时要多总结,多积累,有输入才有输出。多多练习之后,一定有质的变化。投必得致力于帮助广大科研工作者解决科研写作中的各方面问题,不但授人以鱼,亦授人以渔。如果您有关于论文写作的其他问题,欢迎留言或者后台联系我们工作人员交流讨论。






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