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今年的瑞典诺奖已经颁布完了，许多人焦点于日本最近18年内获得了18个诺奖，但是忽视了中国的另一个邻居 - 印度。

印度历史上有个泰戈尔，有个拉曼，拉曼光谱至今在量子力学计算上还流行，拉曼还有个侄子 - 就是二十岁时论文被导师撕个稀巴烂53年后却获了个物理诺奖的那小子(http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-2966991-1056896.html)。印度还曾经有个拉马努金 (https://www.muyutian.tv/show/12583.html)。。。。。*这说明印度人也不傻。*

**Raman光谱 - sciencenet.cn:**

拉曼光谱-实验与第一性原理计算简介: http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-1502061-1027116.html

再谈Raman光谱: http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-567091-843365.html

中科院深圳先进院 研发出磁性拉曼检测芯片: http://news.sciencenet.cn//sbhtmlnews/2017/4/322544.shtm?id=322544

科学家构筑出表面增强拉曼光谱单热点放大器: http://paper.sciencenet.cn//htmlpaper/201751114332826543898.shtm

拉曼光谱技术在色谱分析检测中的应用探讨: http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-528143-406091.html

拉曼光谱技术在色谱分析检测中的应用: http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-528143-406092.html

光纤端面上的拉曼雷达: http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-467550-1081836.html

一维原子碳链的故事之二：利用拉曼光谱确定碳链长度?: http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-327614-1015131.html

拉曼成像打破纳米尺度分辨率障碍: http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-532317-698427.html

拉曼光谱测药品: http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-2984357-1125022.html

用拉曼光谱来研究大肠杆菌的抗生素耐药性: http://news.sciencenet.cn/htmlpaper/20189309361623147433.shtm

拉曼光谱与红外光谱的区别与联系: http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-548899-647161.html

研究实现最高分辨率单分子拉曼成像: http://news.sciencenet.cn/htmlpaper/201366938810929269.shtm

**拉马努金 知无涯者：拉马努金传.pdf :**

https://baike.baidu.com/item/拉马努金

数学家哈代说“他发现并创造了数学": http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-2966991-999699.html

https://link.springer.com/journal/11139

ICTP拉马努金奖 (zh.wikipedia.org):

年份 | 获奖人 | 国籍 | 参考资料 |
---|---|---|---|

2005年 | Marcelo Viana | 巴西 | ^{[3]} |

2006年 | Ramdorai Sujatha | 印度 | ^{[4]} |

2007年 | Jorge Lauret | 阿根廷 | ^{[5]} |

2008年 | Enrique Pujals | 阿根廷/ 巴西 | ^{[6]} |

2009年 | Ernesto Lupercio | 墨西哥 | ^{[7]} |

2010年 | 史宇光 | 中国 | ^{[8]} |

2011年 | Philibert Nang | 加彭 | ^{[9]} |

2012年 | Fernando Codá Marques | 巴西 | ^{[10]} |

2013年 | 田野 | 中国 | ^{[11]} |

2014年 | Miguel Walsh | 阿根廷 | ^{[12]} |

2015年 | Amalendu Krishna | 印度 | ^{[13]} |

2016年 | 许晨阳 | 中国 | |

2017年 | Eduardo Teixeira | 巴西 | ^{[14]} |

2018年 | Ritabrata Munshi | 印度 | ^{[15]} |

SASTRA拉马努金奖(zh.wikipedia.org):

年份 | 获奖者 | 英文名 | 所在学术机构 |
---|---|---|---|

2005年 | 曼朱·巴尔加瓦 卡纳安·桑德拉让 | Manjul Bhargava Kannan Soundararajan | 普林斯顿大学 密歇根大学 |

2006年 | 陶哲轩 | Terence Tao | 加州大学洛杉矶分校 |

2007年 | 本·格林 | Ben Green | 剑桥大学 |

2008年 | 阿克沙伊·文卡泰什 | Akshay Venkatesh | 斯坦福大学 |

2009年 | 卡特林·布林格曼 | Kathrin Bringmann | 科隆大学 明尼苏达大学 |

2010年 | 张伟 | Wei Zhang | 哈佛大学 |

2011年 | 罗曼·霍洛温斯基 | Roman Holowinsky | 俄亥俄州立大学 |

2012年 | 恽之玮 | Zhiwei Yun | 斯坦福大学 |

2013年 | 皮特·舒尔策 | Peter Scholze | 波恩大学 |

2014年 | 詹姆斯·梅纳德 | James Maynard | 牛津大学 明尼苏达大学 |

2015年 | 雅各布·齐默尔曼 | Jacob Tsimerman | 多伦多大学 |

2016年 | Kaisa Matomäki Maksym Radziwill ^{[2]} | Kaisa Matomäki Maksym Radziwill | 图尔库大学 麦吉尔大学和罗格斯大学 |

2017年 | 马林娜·维亚佐夫斯卡 ^{[3]} | Maryna Viazovska | 洛桑联邦理工学院 |

当地印度人成批拿自己的奖时，也顺便发给您一个，您不应该拒绝, 对吗？(兄弟我，2018年就获得一个印度的小奖。)

By Jonathan Borwein (Jon), Laureate Professor of Mathematics, University of Newcastle

Icon Films

The movie The Man Who Knew Infinity is about Srinivasa Ramanujan, who is generally viewed by mathematicians as one of the two most romantic figures in our discipline. (I shall say more about the other romantic later.)

Ramanujan (1887–1920) was born and died, aged just 32, in Southern India. But in one of the most extraordinary events in mathematical history, he spent the period of World War I in Trinity College Cambridge at the invitation of the leading British mathematician Godfrey Harold (G. H.) Hardy (1877–1947) and his great collaborator John E. Littlewood.

To avoid having to issue spoiler alerts, I will not tell much of Ramanujan’s story here.

Suffice to say that as a boy he refused to learn anything but mathematics, he was almost entirely self taught and his pre-Cambridge work is contained in a series of Notebooks.

The work he did after returning to India in 1919 is contained in the misleadingly named Lost Notebook. It was lost and later found in the Wren library of the leading college for mathematics of the leading University in England. While in England Ramanujan became the first Indian Fellow both of Trinity and of the Royal Society.

Ramanujan had an extraordinary ability to see patterns. While he rarely proved his results he left a host of evaluations of sums and integrals. He was especially expert in a part of number theory called modular forms which is of even more interest today than when he died.

The lost notebook initiated the study of mock theta functions which are only now being fully understood. Fleshing out his Notebooks has only recently been completed principally by American mathematicians Prof Bruce Berndt and Prof George Andrews. It comprises thousands of printed pages.

An old Indian friend, Swami Swaminathan, oversaw the Ramanujan Library in Madras over half a century ago. He commented that had Ramanujan been born ten years early he would have been unable to receive the education and financial assistance that made his pre-Cambridge work possible.

Swaminathan went on to say that had Ramanujan been born ten years later, he would have probably received a more robust and more ordinary education. In either case our version of Ramanujan would not exist.

Ramanujan has been part of my life for as long as I can remember. My father David was a student of one of Hardy’s students. In our house “the bible” referred to Hardy’s masterpiece Divergent Series.

In 1962 on the 75th anniversary of Ramanujan’s birth the envelope (below) arrived at my parents' house. A kind stranger had put the franked stamps on the back.

In 1987 I was fortunate enough to speak with my brother at the major centennial conference on Ramanujan, held at the University of Illinois. We had become experts on and had extended Ramanujan’s work on Pi.

Highlights at the conference included the Nobel prize winning astronomer Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, who described how important Ramanujan’s success in England had been to the self-confidence of himself and the founders of modern India including Jawaharlal Nehru, who became the first prime minister of independent India in 1947.

In 2008 David Leavitt published a novelised version of Ramanujan’s life entitled the Indian Clerk. While Leavitt captures much beautifully, as a novelist, he takes some sizeable liberties. In particular, he dramatically embellishes Hardy’s (closeted?) homosexuality. I prefer my novels as fables and my biographies straight.

In 2012 on the 125th anniversary of Ramanujan’s birth the Notices of the American Mathematical Society published eight articles on his work. This suite forcibly showed how Ramanujan’s reputation and impact continue to grow.

There is one famous anecdote about Ramanujan that even a non-mathematician can appreciate. In 1917 Ramanujan was hospitalised in London. He was said to have tuberculosis but it is more likely this was to cover a failed suicide attempt.

Hardy took a cab to visit him. Not being good at small talk all Hardy could think to say was that the number of his cab, 1,729, was uninteresting.

Ramanujan replied that quite to the contrary it was the smallest number expressible as a sum of two cubes in two distinct ways:

1,729 = 12

^{3}+ 1^{3}= 10^{3}+ 9^{3}

This is know known as Ramanujan’s taxi-cab number.

There has been a recent spate of books, plays and movies, and TV series about mathematicians and theoretical physicists: A Beautiful Mind (2001), Copenhagen (2002), Proof (2005) and last year’s Oscar winning movies The Imitation Game about Alan Turing and The Theory of Everything on Stephen Hawking.

When I have read the book on someone’s life, I frequently avoid the movie. As writer Michael Crichton put it:

All professions look bad in the movies […] why should scientists expect to be treated differently?

Such movies – even biopics – have to compress a life of the mind into 90 to 120 minutes and give a flavour of genius to the rest of us. Even more than the books on which they are based, they have to make the character more exotic (Turing) or better redeemed (John Nash in A Beautiful Mind) than in the book let alone real life.

So I tend to avoid the movies and to be satisfied with my own knowledge and the corresponding book which can take 500 pages and more if it needs to.

But I do intend to see the movie of The Man Who Knew Infinity. Ramanujan’s presence has been too much a part of my life (intellectually and personally) for me to miss it.

In the movie Hardy is played by Jeremy Irons while Stephen Fry plays Sir Francis Spring who was an early advocate of Ramanujan in India.

Twenty-five year old Dev Patel, who acted in Slumdog Millionaire (2008), is Ramanujan.

I reviewed very favourably Robert Kanigel’s book The Man Who Knew Infinity: A Life of the Genius, on which the movie is based.

The current movie has had the brilliant Canadian-born Fields Medalist and Princeon professor of mathematics Manjul Bhargava as technical advisor. Bhargava is also an expert tabla player who works in fields well aligned with Ramanujan’s opus. This augurs well for the movie’s accuracy.

The other romantic mathematician I alluded to earlier was the even more short-lived French revolutionary Évariste Galois.

Galois (1811–1832) died, aged 20, in a duel related to the famous female mathematician Sophie Germain. As the story goes, there is a note in the margin of the manuscript that Galois wrote the night before the duel. It read:

There is something to complete in this demonstration. I do not have the time.

It is this note which has led to the legend that Galois spent his last night writing out all he knew about group (Galois) theory. This story appears to have grown with the telling but his life would also make for a very interesting movie.

*The Man Who Knew Infinity is screening, Wednesday November 18 2015, at selected cinemas in Adelaide, Brisbane, Byron Bay, Canberra, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney as the closing movie in the British Film Festival.*

*Jonathan Borwein (Jon) receives funding from ARC*

http://www.cecm.sfu.ca/~jborwein/97pi.html

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-498408-1140323.html

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