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Nature2018年最有影响力的50篇地学研究

已有 1036 次阅读 2019-8-1 07:22 |个人分类:工作笔记|系统分类:科研笔记| 地球, 气候变化, Nature, 季风, Nature, Nature, Nature, Nature

Nature Communication 总结了2018年最有影响力的50篇地球科学和星球科学研究文章。

其中有好几篇是中国学者的文章,值得大家看一看。 

A74883_NCOM-Earth-COLLECTION-PRVW_Top50-Hero_500045879-da75ffdfaa95b0ade770adca0.jpg

原文链接:https://www.nature.com/collections/ebbeeieefe/



1. Arctic sea ice is an important temporal sink and means of transport for microplastic

北极海冰是微塑料的重要时间池和运输工具

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03825-5

2.  A large planetary body inferred from diamond inclusions in a ureilite meteorite

 从堇青石陨石中的金刚石夹杂物推断出的大行星体

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03808-6

3.  Longer and more frequent marine heatwaves over the past century

 在过去的一个世纪里,海洋热浪越来越频繁

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03732-9

4.  A novel probabilistic forecast system predicting anomalously warm 2018-2022 reinforcing the long-term global warming trend

 一种新的概率预测系统预测2018  -  2022年异常暖期加剧了长期的全球变暖趋势

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05442-8

5.  Mediterranean UNESCO World Heritage at risk from coastal flooding and erosion due to sea-level rise

 地中海联合国教科文组织世界遗产因海平面上升而受到沿海洪水和侵蚀的威胁

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-06645-9

6.  Committed sea-level rise under the Paris Agreement and the legacy of delayed mitigation action

 根据“巴黎协定”承诺的海平面上升以及延迟缓解行动的遗产

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-02985-8

7.  Warm Arctic episodes linked with increased frequency of extreme winter weather in the United States

 温暖的北极事件与美国极端冬季天气频率增加有关

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-02992-9

8.  Warming assessment of the bottom-up Paris Agreement emissions pledges

 对自下而上的“巴黎协定”排放承诺进行的变暖评估

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-07223-9

9.  21st-century modeled permafrost carbon emissions accelerated by abrupt thaw beneath lakes

 21世纪模拟的永久冻土碳排放由于湖泊突然解冻而加速

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05738-9

10.  North China Plain threatened by deadly heatwaves due to climate change and irrigation

 由于气候变化和灌溉,中国华北平原受到致命热浪的威胁

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05252-y

11.  Silica-rich volcanism in the early solar system dated at 4.565 Ga

 早期太阳系中富含二氧化硅的火山活动日期为4.565 Ga

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05501-0

12.  Recent enhanced high-summer North Atlantic Jet variability emerges from three-century context

 最近增强的夏季北大西洋急流的变化来自三世纪的背景

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-02699-3

13.  Predicting marsh vulnerability to sea-level rise using Holocene relative sea-level data

 使用全新世相对海平面数据预测沼泽对海平面上升的脆弱性

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05080-0

14.  The influence of Arctic amplification on mid-latitude summer circulation

 北极放大对中纬度夏季环流的影响

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05256-8

15.  A hexagon in Saturna’s northern stratosphere surrounding the emerging summertime polar vortex

 土星北部平流层中的六边形,围绕着新兴的夏季极涡

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-06017-3

16.  Evidence of an active volcanic heat source beneath the Pine Island Glacier

 松岛冰川下有活跃的火山热源的证据

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04421-3

17.  Mapping a hidden terrane boundary in the mantle lithosphere with lamprophyres

 绘制地幔岩石圈中隐藏的地体边界与煌斑岩

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-06253-7

18.  Dark zone of the Greenland Ice Sheet controlled by distributed biologically-active impurities

 格陵兰冰盖的暗区由分布的生物活性杂质控制

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03353-2

19.  The global flood protection savings provided by coral reefs

 珊瑚礁减少了全球防洪损失

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04568-z

20.  Early Palaeozoic ocean anoxia and global warming driven by the evolution of shallow burrowing

 早期古生代海洋缺氧和全球变暖由浅洞穴的演变驱动

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04973-4

21.  Cascading lake drainage on the Greenland Ice Sheet triggered by tensile shock and fracture

 由拉伸冲击和断裂引发的格陵兰冰盖层叠湖泊排水

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03420-8

22.  Degrading permafrost puts Arctic infrastructure at risk by mid-century

 永久冻土的退化使得北极基础设施在本世纪中叶处于危险之中

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-07557-4

23.  Large increase in global storm runoff extremes driven by climate and anthropogenic changes

 由气候和人为变化驱动的全球风暴径流极端事件大幅增加

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-06765-2

24.  The world’s largest High Arctic lake responds rapidly to climate warming

 世界上最大的北极高地湖泊对气候变暖作出迅速反应

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03685-z

25.  The rise of South-South trade and its effect on global CO2 emissions

 南南贸易的兴起及其对全球二氧化碳排放的影响

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04337-y

26.  Fire air pollution reduces global terrestrial productivity

 火灾空气污染降低了全球陆地生产力

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-07921-4

27.  Land-use emissions play a critical role in land-based mitigation for Paris climate targets

 土地使用排放在巴黎气候目标的陆地缓解方面发挥着关键作用

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05340-z

28.  Europe’s renewable energy directive poised to harm global forests

 欧洲的可再生能源指令有望破坏全球森林

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-06175-4

29.  Ocean science research is key for a sustainable future

 海洋科学研究是可持续未来的关键

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03158-3

30.  Impact on short-lived climate forcers increases projected warming due to deforestation

 对短期气候强迫者的影响增加了由于森林砍伐导致的预计变暖

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-02412-4

31.  Pastoralism may have delayed the end of the green Sahara

 畜牧业可能推迟了绿色撒哈拉的结束

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-06321-y

32.  The Medusae Fossae Formation as the single largest source of dust on Mars

 Medusae Fossae组是火星上唯一最大的尘埃源

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05291-5

33.  Volcanic crystals as time capsules of eruption history

 火山晶体作为喷发历史的时间胶囊

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-02274-w

34.  Disclosing the temperature of columnar jointing in lavas

 披露熔岩中柱状连接的温度

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03842-4

35.  Two-thirds of global cropland area impacted by climate oscillations

 全球三分之二的耕地面积受到气候振荡的影响

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-02071-5

36.  Continental shelves as a variable but increasing global sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide

 大陆架作为一个变量,但增加了大气二氧化碳的全球汇

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-02738-z

37.  Exacerbated fires in Mediterranean Europe due to anthropogenic warming projected with non-stationary climate-fire models

 由于非人类气候火灾模型的人为变暖导致地中海欧洲火灾加剧

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-06358-z

38.  Emerging risks from marine heat waves

 海洋热浪带来的新风险

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03163-6

39.  Evaluating climate geoengineering proposals in the context of the Paris Agreement temperature goals

 在“巴黎协定”温度目标的背景下评估气候地球工程建议

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05938-3

40.  Seasonal energy exchange in sea ice retreat regions contributes to differences in projected Arctic warming

 海冰撤退区域的季节性能量交换导致预测的北极变暖的差异

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-07061-9

41.  Estimating geological CO2 storage security to deliver on climate mitigation

 估算地质二氧化碳封存安全,以实现减缓气候变化

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04423-1

42.  Overpumping leads to California groundwater arsenic threat

 过度抽水导致加州地下水砷威胁

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04475-3

43.  Dynamic strain determination using fibre-optic cables allows imaging of seismological and structural features

 使用光纤电缆进行动态应变测定可以对地震和结构特征进行成像

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04860-y

44.  Pronounced centennial-scale Atlantic Ocean climate variability correlated with Western Hemisphere hydroclimate

 显着的百年尺度大西洋气候变率与西半球水文气候相关

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-02846-4

45.  Internal climate variability and projected future regional steric and dynamic sea level rise

 内部气候变化和预计的未来区域空间和动态海平面上升

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03474-8

46.  Dynamic anticrack propagation in snow

 雪中 的动态防裂传播

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05181-w

47.  A new interhemispheric teleconnection increases predictability of winter precipitation in southwestern US

 新的半球间遥相关增加了美国西南部冬季降水的可预测性

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04722-7

48.  Global and Arctic climate sensitivity enhanced by changes in North Pacific heat flux

 北太平洋热通量的变化增强了全球和北极的气候敏感性

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05337-8

49.  Dissolved organic carbon leaching from plastics stimulates microbial activity in the ocean

 从塑料中浸出的溶解有机碳会刺激海洋中的微生物活动

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03798-5

50.  Southern Hemisphere westerlies as a driver of the early deglacial atmospheric CO2 rise

 南半球西风带作为早期冰川大气二氧化碳上升的驱动因素

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04876-4







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