职业编辑出版人,开放存取倡导者分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/wangyk Visiting Scholar at University of Minnesota,PhD at Peking University, Bachelor & Master Degree at Northwest A&F University

博文

[转载]一张图分辨英式英语和美式英语

已有 2833 次阅读 2015-8-9 15:18 |个人分类:学术交流|系统分类:科普集锦|关键词:英式英语,美式英语,辨析| 辨析, 英式英语, 美式英语 |文章来源:转载

 

王应宽 转帖

Wang Yingkuan

Beijing, China

2015-08-09

 

 

 

英美差异.jpg 

 

 

FOOD

Butty
The British do not refer to a sandwich as a “butty” unless they’re talking about a “chip butty”. A sandwich is a sandwich or maybe a “sarnie”.
A chip butty is simply two slices of buttered bread with potato chips in between. It originates from the North of England and is traditionally eaten with fish and chips. My husband ALWAYS has a chip butty when we have fish and chips. Like he doesn’t have enough carbs (carbohydrates) with all those chips! It makes me feel ill.

Cuppa (colloquial)
You will hear this word in this expression: “Fancy a cuppa?” You are not likely to hear it on its own. People refer to a cup of tea as a cup of tea unless they are offering you a cup.
More on ‘fancy’ later.

Fairy cake
Yes we use this but cup cake has become more common now.

Peckish
“I am feeling rather peckish. I think I’ll get something to eat”. Peckish means a little hungry. If you are really hungry you would say ‘I’m starving or ravenous‘.


CLOTHING

Muffler
I have never heard this word used to describe a scarf, even though it is accurate. We say scarf. So don’t go into a clothes shop and ask for one as you will get blank stares from the assistants!
We use ‘muffler’ to describe the automotive device in an engine to silence the noise. We also call it a silencer.

Pants
We also call them “underpants“.


INSULTS

A note of warning:  Insults are notoriously difficult to get right context-wise in a foreign language. USE them at your peril. You have been warned.

Knobhead
This word is used but you will also hear “dickhead”. ‘Knob‘ and ‘dick‘ refer to the male reproductive anatomy.

Radge
One of my readers, Louise Robertson has told me what “radge” means. Here is the explanation:
“The word radge is a Scottish slang word, so probably not commonly heard south of the border. It is, however, widely used up here!
It used to describe someone who is deemed to be a bit crazy or has done something that others consider to be crazy.
‘You’re a radge’ meaning you are a bit crazy is, while not a polite thing to say to anyone, very commonly used.”

Plonker
Oh yes, this is quite commonly used to refer to someone who is not terribly clever. In other words, an “idiot”.

Sod Off
If you tell someone to sod off you are telling them to go away. You’re either angry with them or you are joking. The seriousness of the insult depends on the situation. Some people will say it jokingly and others will be very serious. It used to be a taboo insult. Over the years it has become more acceptable in spoken English (within reason).
The British also use ‘piss off’.

Slapper/Slag
Both terms are extremely derogatory, insulting or disrespectful to describe a woman who is thought to be too easy. Please do NOT use them.

Tosser/Wanker
Once again, these terms are highly insulting and NOT to be used unless you want to be hit!


SLANG

Dog’s Bollocks
Mmmm, yes…I’m afraid you will hear this when someone is describing how fantastic something is. “The new Maserati is the dog’s bollocks“
You may also hear the word ‘bollocks’ in the following ways:
‘That’s just bollocks‘  meaning  “That’s just rubbish”.
‘He got a bollocking from his boss” meaning “He got told off by his boss”
Both terms are vulgar and not to be repeated. You might hear them, though.

Fancy (not strictly slang)
The verb “to fancy” means to “like” or “desire”. It’s frequently used by the British. You will hear it everywhere.
“Fancy a cuppa?”, “Do you fancy going to the cinema tonight?”, “Simon really fancies Greta”.

Gutted
When someone say they are ‘gutted’ it means that they are disappointed or upset. This is often used.“He was really gutted he missed his uncle’s funeral”

Kip
Yes, this word is used to mean a nap (short sleep). I love my afternoon kips.

“You will feel so much better once you’ve had a good kip.”Knackered/Zonked
If you’re knackered you are extremely tired. Zonked can be used although ‘knackered’ is more common.Splash Out
“Tim loves to splash out when he is trying to impress Jane”.  Another common expression.

Waffle
There is always one person who loves to waffle on in business meetings. It’s always so difficult to get them to stop.

 

 

 

 



http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-39523-911756.html

上一篇:[转载]The 9 Worst Mistakes You Can Ever Make at Work
下一篇:开放存取期刊中高价未必总能买到高声望

0

该博文允许注册用户评论 请点击登录 评论 (0 个评论)

数据加载中...
扫一扫,分享此博文

Archiver|手机版|科学网 ( 京ICP备14006957 )

GMT+8, 2019-11-14 07:01

Powered by ScienceNet.cn

Copyright © 2007- 中国科学报社

返回顶部