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科技写作(128):正文中文献引用的用词要妥当

已有 4651 次阅读 2014-7-22 23:26 |个人分类:科技写作|系统分类:科研笔记|关键词:学者

科技写作(128):正文中文献引用的用词须妥当

     引用文献的目的有支持、反驳、对比、突出作者的成果或思想等,无论何种研究目的,引用他人的研究时务必要专业和谦恭,尤其不要侮辱前人的研究。不礼貌的引用可能会令编辑或审稿人不愉快,从而导致文章被拒。例如:

(1) Unbelievably, Brownfailed to consider… 应修改为:Different theories on this topic exist (27-29).

(2) The study by Aday iswithout merit. 应修改为:Our study differs from that of Aday (35) inthat…

(3) Clearly, Chumsky’stheory is wrong. 应修改为:X has been the topic of much controversy(4,5,8).

      有关参考文献引用中的妥当用词:

      (1) 表示支持相关研究成果:

l Our results are consistent with thosereported previously (5,8,10-14).

l Similar results have also been observed byAlton et al. (11).

l Mayer and Bims also determined … Here weconfirm Lohn’s theory of ….

      (2) 反驳他人的研究成果:

l Different findings have been reported previously(33).

l Our findings show that the previously proposedtheory A(17) is not supported by …

l Not all studies agree on this finding. Forexample, Peters et al. determined…(5).

(3) 比较自己与他人的研究成果:

l Our findings are comparable to those ofVignanery’s (9).

l When compared to recent findings describedby (8), our study shows …  

l Although Dauh et al. reported recently XXX (6),our study also takes into consideration…

(4) 突出作者本人的研究成果:

l Unlike other previous findings (23-25), ourwork presents…

l Our study expands on work of Hui’s (33), whichreported Y, and highlights the importance of …

l Our study sets itself apart from otherstudies (33-35) in that…

摘编自《科技写作与交流》(任胜利. 科学出版社, 2012年出版)

相关阅读:

《英语科技论文撰写与投稿》(20147月重印)http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-38899-461483.html

 



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