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微博一则——社会可变性

已有 2451 次阅读 2011-8-10 13:37 |个人分类:社会 观点|系统分类:观点评述| Social, mobility

早在1940年,哈佛大学校长詹姆斯.布莱恩.孔纳特就曾提出过这样的论点:美国式的理想是一个自由的、无产阶级或无等级的社会;一个通过最大限度的社会可变性而形成的无阶级的社会。他对“社会可变性”是这么解释的:如果为数众多的年轻人能不管父辈的经济地位如何而发展自己的能力,那么社会可变性就大,反之,如果青年男女的前途几乎完全取决于遗产的有无,社会可变性则是不存在的。我非常赞同这位校长的话语。不管现实怎样,我们先培养自己的自主选择性,这是增加社会可变性的第一步,也是最关键的一步。
 
 
附录:
James Bryant Conant
 I have ventured on other occasions to speak of the American ideal as that of a free and classless,or casteless,society-as occasions to speak of the American ideal as that of a free and classless,or casteless,society-a society made classless through the maximum of social mobility.Let me examine for a moment the phrase"social mobility",for this is the heart of my argument.If large numbers of young people can develop their own capacities irrespective of the economic status of their parents,then social mobility is high.If,on the other hand,the future of a young man or woman is determined almost entirely by inherited privilege or the lack of it,social mobility is nonexistent.You are all familiar with the old American adage,"Three generations from shirt sleeves to shirt sleeves."This implies a high degree of social mobility,both up and down.It implies that sons and daughters must and can seek their own level,obtain their own economic rewards,engage in any occupation irrespective of what their parents might have done.
 
以上摘自《英语名人演讲》(何高大编译),1999.
 


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