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“Gay gene” not one, but many!

已有 682 次阅读 2019-9-8 22:14 |系统分类:科研笔记

近日,《Science》期刊发表了标题为"Large-scale GWAS reveals insights into the genetic architecture of same-sex sexual behavior"的文章,研究人员近50万个样本对same-sex sexual behavior进行了深入研究,最终得出了一些出乎意料的结论,研究人员发现并没有一个独立的" same-sex sexual behavior基因",研究人员可以从统计学上确定五个特定的DNA位点和同性性取向具有明显关联,而这些基因中的每一个都只有非常小的影响。专家指出,遗传上可能只能解释不超过25%的same-sex sexual behavior。论文全文见:https://science.sciencemag.org/content/365/6456/eaat7693。



INTRODUCTION: Across human societies and in both sexes, some 2 to 10% of individuals report engaging in sex with same-sex partners, either exclusively or in addition to sex with opposite-sex partners. Twin and family studies have shown that same-sex sexual behavior is partly genetically influenced, but previous searches for the specific genes involved have been underpowered to detect effect sizes realistic for complex traits.

RESULTS: In the discovery samples (UK Biobank and 23andMe), five autosomal loci were significantly associated with same-sex sexual behavior. Follow-up of these loci suggested links to biological pathways that involve sex hormone regulation and olfaction. Three of the loci were significant in a meta-analysis of smaller, independent replication samples. Although only a few loci passed the stringent statistical corrections for genome-wide multiple testing and were replicated in other samples, our analyses show that many loci underlie same-sex sexual behavior in both sexes.

In aggregate, all tested genetic variants accounted for 8 to 25% of variation in male and female same-sex sexual behavior, and the genetic influences were positively but imperfectly correlated between the sexes [genetic correlation coefficient (rg) = 0.63; 95% confidence intervals, 0.48 to 0.78]. These aggregate genetic influences partly overlapped with those on a variety of other traits, including externalizing behaviors such as smoking, cannabis use, risk-taking, and the personality trait openness to experience.Additional analyses suggested that sexual behavior, attraction, identity, and fantasies are influenced by a similar set of genetic variants (rg > 0.83); however, the genetic effects that differentiate heterosexual from same-sex sexual behavior are not the same as those that differ among nonheterosexuals with lower versus higher proportions of same-sex partners, which suggests that there is no single continuum from opposite-sex to same-sex preference.








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