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收藏!100+同义词(动词)使你的SCI论文“高大上”

已有 989 次阅读 2020-7-14 19:40 |个人分类:论文写作|系统分类:论文交流| 论文润色、同义词替换

与大家久违的SCI英文写作高频词汇系列终于又回归啦!今天给大家带来100+动词替换词,让论文远离枯燥,鲜活生动!

当你写英语论文的时候,有没有觉得自己的写作风格很low,有没有觉得自己的写作语言很Chinglish?虽然学术论文的写作风格比较保守,但是这不意味文章应该写得很枯燥。枯燥的写作会使得读者在刚开始阅读就失去了继续阅读的兴趣。

现在的学术论文发表不仅仅是科研成果的比拼,更是英语写作能力的比拼。优秀的英语写作可以提高论文发表的几率。英语写作涉及内容有很多,这篇文章会向大家介绍SCI论文中常用的一些动词和相应的替换词,让你的SCI论文写作“高大上”。

和中文一样,英语也有同义词。使用一些同义词,可以更有力、更生动地重新表达整个句子。如果你经常使用主动语态而不是被动语态,你会发现这个任务更容易完成。在使用同义词库来识别同义词时要小心,确保同义词符合语境。为了帮助大家在学术论文中建立一个强大的常用短语库,我们列出了英文论文写作时可以考虑的同义词列表。虽然我们不建议完全摒弃原来的短语,但我们建议在这些短语中穿插一些推荐的替换短语,使你的论文更加生动。

根据写作内容和表达含义,这些同义短语可以分为6组:描述当前研究、概括研究背景、描述研究要素、讨论实验结果、说明实验方法、解释研究影响。

1. 描述当前研究

目的

原始词组

推荐词组

·          表达研究目的

·          aims to

This paper + [use the verb that   originally followed "aims to"] or This paper + (any other verb   listed above as a substitute for “explain”) + who/what/when/where/how X. For   example:

·          “This paper applies X to Y,” instead   of, “This paper aims to apply X to Y.”

·          “This paper explores how lower sun   exposure impacts moods,” instead of, “This paper aims to address the impact   of lower sun exposure on moods.”

·          介绍研究主题

·          discusses

·          presents

·          surveys

·          questions

·          highlights

·          outlines

·          features

·          investigates

·          分析研究结果

·          considers

·          analyzes

·          explains

·          evaluates

·          interprets

·          clarifies

·          identifies

·          delves into

·          advances

·          appraises

·          defines

·          dissects

·          probes

·          tests

·          explores

*Adjectives to   describe degree can include: briefly, thoroughly, adequately, sufficiently,   inadequately, insufficiently, only partially, partially, etc.

·          概括文章内容

·          covers

·          deals with

·          talks about

·          outlines

·          highlights

·          sketches

·          assesses

·          contemplates

[any of the verbs suggested as   replacements for “explain,” “analyze,” and “consider” above]

2. 概括研究背景

目的

原始词组

推荐词组

·          阐述研究意义

·          plays an important in [nominalization]

·          plays a vital role in [nominalization]

Topic significantly/considerably +

·          influences

·          controls

·          regulates

·          directs

·          inhibits

·          constrains

·          governs

+   who/what/when/where/how…

 

*In other words, take the   nominalized verb and make it the main verb of the sentence.

·          描述应用广泛

·          …is widely accepted as…

·          …is widely used as…

 

·          Widely accepted, … [to eliminate the weak be verb]

·          The preferred…

·          Commonly/Frequently implemented,… [to eliminate the weak be verb]

·          The prevailing method for…

描述近期关注

·          Much attention has been drawn to

·          …has gained much importance in recent years

·          Discussions regarding X have dominated research in recent   years.

·          …has appealed to…

·          …has propelled to the forefront in investigations of Y.

·          … has dramatically/significantly shaped queries on X in recent   years.

·          …has critically influenced academic dialogue on Y.

阐述当前观点

·          The consensus has been that…

·          Prior research generally confirms that…

·          Several studies agree that…

·          Prior research substantiates the belief that…

·          描述参考文献

·          indicate

·          have documented

·          have demonstrated

·          have shown that

·          contend

·          purport

·          suggest

·          proffer

·          have proven that

·          evidence

表达当前问题

·          Much is known about…

·          But, little is known about…

·          The academic community has extensively explored X…

·          Prior research has thoroughly investigated….

·          However, little research has been conducted to show…

·          However, prior studies have failed to evaluate/ identify /   (any other word suggested to replace “analyze” above)

表达研究问题

·          Several theories have been proposed to explain…

·          To solve this problem, many researchers have tried several   methods

·          Recent/Previous studies have promoted…

·          Prior investigations have implemented/ queried diverse   approaches to…

·          A number of authors have posited…

3. 描述研究要素

目的

原始词组

推荐词组

·          表达一致观点

·          supports

·          substantiates

·          confirms

·          corroborates

·          underlines

·          给出矛盾观点

·          calls into question

·          challenges

·          disputes

·          rebuts

·          refutes

·          disproves

·          debunks

·          invalidates

·          rejects

·          questions

讨论研究局限

·          The limitations of this paper include:

·          These investigations, however, disregards…

·          This method/ approach fails to…

·          This study only…

·          …falls short of addressing/ identifying / illustrating…

·          A drawback/disadvantage of this framework is…

·          This framework, however, solely pertains to…

4. 讨论实验结果

目的

原始词组

推荐词组

·          阐述实验结论

·          suggest

·          show

·          appeared

·          was observed to

·          extrapolate

·          deduce

·          surmise

·          approximate

·          derive

·          extract

·          evidence

·          manifested

·          surfaced

·          materialized

·          yielded

·          generated

·          perceived

·          detected

5. 说明实验方法

目的

原始词组

推荐词组

阐述实验方法

·          used

performed

·          was created to…

·          was used to…

·          was performed to…

·          applied

·          administered

·          employed

·          diffused

·          disseminated

relayed

This study/ research…

·          simulated

·          replicated

·          imitated+“X environment/ condition to..”

6. 解释研究影响

目的

原始词组

推荐词组

·          解释影响

·          demonstrates

·          shows

·          illustrates

·          proves

·          evidences

·          strengthens (the position that)

·          强调结论

·          establishes

·          proves

·          attributes

·          illustrates

·          advances (the idea that)

·          解释对当前研究现状的影响

·          offers

·          introduces

·          ushers in

·          proffers

·          conveys

·          promotes

·          advocates

·          introduces

·          broach (issue)

·          reveals

·          unveils

·          exposes

·          unearths


提供论文英语质量的方法有很多,本文给出了一些常用的同义词,可以简单、直接地提高论文写作语言和风格。相反,如果文章中频繁使用一些常见的动词(use、propose、show等)会使得我们的论文很枯燥,我们希望这篇文章能够帮助读者的论文锦上添花。

SCI英文写作词汇系列其他推送:

想写好SCI论文——不掌握这些高频词汇怎么行?

SCI写作高频词、词组系列——摘要部分

SCI写作高频词、词组系列——引言部分

SCI写作高频词、词组系列--材料与方法部分

SCI写作高频词、词组系列——结果部分

SCI论文写作常用句式总结—方法和材料部分

SCI写作高频词、词组系列—讨论部分

冰冻三尺,非一日之寒,任何一门语言的学习都需要长期的积累。如果有小伙伴由于客观原因需要尽快发表文章,我们还是建议找专业的润色机构帮你来做这一步。否则,很可能在审稿过程中由于语言问题花费更多时间和精力!


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