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the plant journal:拟南芥KNAT3/7作用于花序中的次生细胞壁沉积

已有 465 次阅读 2019-11-14 18:20 |个人分类:每日摘要|系统分类:论文交流

The Class II KNOX genes KNAT3 and KNAT7 work cooperatively to influence deposition of secondary cell walls that provide mechanical support to Arabidopsis stems


First author: Shumin Wang; Affiliations: University of British Columbia (不列颠哥伦比亚大学): Vancouver, Canada

Corresponding author: Shawn D. Mansfield


The transcription factor KNOTTED ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA7 (KNAT7) is a Class II KNOTTED1‐like homeobox (KNOX2) gene that, in interfascicular fibres, acts as a negative regulator of secondary cell wall biosynthesis. In addition, knat7 loss‐of‐function mutants display an irregular xylem (irx) phenotype, suggesting a potential positive regulatory role in xylem vessel secondary cell wall deposition. Although our understanding of the role of KNAT7 is evolving, the function(s) of the closely related KNOX2 genes, KNAT3KNAT4, and KNAT5, in secondary wall formation still remain unclear. We found that all four Arabidopsis KNOX2 genes were expressed in the inflorescence stems. However, only the knat3 knat7 double mutants showed a phenotype, displaying an enhanced irx phenotypes relative to the single mutants, as well as decreased interfascicular fibre cell wall thickness. Moreover, knat3 knat7 double mutants had reduced stem tensile and flexural strength compared with wild‐type and single mutants. In contrast, KNAT3 overexpression resulted in thicker interfascicular fibre secondary cell walls in inflorescence stems, suggesting a potential positive regulation in interfascicular fibre secondary wall development. This work identifies KNAT3 as a potential transcriptional activator working together with KNAT7 to promote secondary cell wall biosynthesis in xylem vessels, while concurrently acting antagonistically with KNAT7 to influence secondary wall formation in interfascicular fibres.


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转录因子KNAT7是一个IIKNOTTED1同源异型基因KNOX2,在束间纤维中充当次生细胞壁生物合成的负调节因子发挥作用。另外,knat7功能缺失突变体显示出不规则的木质部表型,说明其可能在木质部导管次生细胞壁沉积方面发挥正向调控作用。尽管我们对于KNA7基因功能的了解逐日增加,但是其近缘基因KNAT3/4/5在次生细胞壁形成方面的作用仍不清楚。本文的,作者发现四个拟南芥KNOX2基因都在花序茎中表达。然而,仅有knat3 knat7双突变体存在明显的表型,相比于单突变体而言,不规则木质部表型缺陷更加强烈,而且束间纤维细胞壁厚度降低。此外,相比于野生型和单突变体,knat3 knat7双突变体茎的抗拉和抗弯强度均有所下降。相反,KNAT3过表达会导致花序茎中较厚的束间纤维次生细胞壁,说明其在束间纤维次生细胞壁发育过程中存在正向的调控作用。本文的工作鉴定了KNAT3基因作为一个潜在的转录激活因子,与KNAT7基因一起作用于木质部导管中的次生细胞壁生物合成,但在束间纤维中与KNAT7拮抗,影响次生细胞壁的形成。



通讯Shawn D. Mansfield (http://profiles.forestry.ubc.ca/person/shawn-mansfield/)


研究方向:林木生物技术;基因表达和细胞壁发育性状的表型之间的关系;植物代谢组;细胞壁发育;纤维素生物合成;木质素生物合成;蔗糖代谢;人为污染(磷,盐,重金属)的修复。



doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.14541


Journal: the plant journal

First Published: October 06, 2019





http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-3158122-1206184.html

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