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JMS Editorial Member- Iain Taylor

已有 2725 次阅读 2011-8-6 10:14 |个人分类:JMS 编委风采|系统分类:人物纪事| Science, Journal, Mountain, Taylor, Iain

 

First name

Iain

 Middle name

Edgar Park

 Last name(Family name)

Taylor

 Title(Prof./Dr./Mr./Ms.)

Professor emeritus

 Appointment/Institute

University of British Columbia

   Research Interest: General plant biology; Publishing ethics; Ethical issues arising from scientific discoveries

   Major Publications:

 Mitchell, A.D., and Taylor, I.E.P. "Cell‑wall proteins of Aspergillus niger and  Chaetomium globosum".  Journal of General Microbiology 59, 103-109 (1969).

 Taylor, I.E.P. and Cameron, D.S. "Preparation and quantitative analysis of fungal cell walls: strategy and tactics".  Annual Review of Microbiology 27, 243-259 (1973).

 Mansfield, D.H., Webb, G., Clark, D.G., and Taylor, I.E.P. "Partial purification and some properties of a cholinesterase from bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) roots".  Biochemical Journal 175, 769-777  (1978).

 Tepfer, M., and Taylor, I.E.P. "The permeability of plant cell walls as measured by gel filtration chromatography".  Science 213, 761-763 (1981).

 MacKay, A.L., Bloom, M., Tepfer, M., and Taylor, I.E.P. "A broadline proton magnetic resonance study of cellulose, pectin and bean cell walls".  Biopolymers 21, 1521-1534 (1982)

 Taylor, I.E.P. and Atkins, E.D.T.  X‑ray diffraction studies on the xyloglucan from tamarind (Tamarindus indica) seed.  FEBS Letters 181, 300-302 (1985)

 Mackay, A.L., Tepfer, M., Taylor, I.E.P. and Volke, F.  Proton NMR moment and relaxation study of cellulose morphology.  Macromolecules 18, 1124-1129 (1985)

 MacKay, A.L., Wallace, J.C., Sasaki, K. and Taylor, I.E.P.  Investigation of the physical structure of the primary plant cell wall by proton magnetic resonance.  Biochemistry 27, 1467-1473 (1988).

 

Report on Iain Taylor

 

Report One :Botanists save rarest orchid from extinction

 

Source: http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/botanists-save-rarest-orchid-from-extinction-672183.html

By Terri Judd  Friday, 4 January 2002

One of Britain's rarest and most beautiful flowers has been saved from extinction.

One of Britain's rarest and most beautiful flowers has been saved from extinction.

For the past half-century a lone Lady's-slipper orchid – or Cypripedium calceolus – has been kept under 24-hour guard at a secret location on a North Yorkshire hill – the last native plant of its kind growing outside of laboratories.

English Nature botanists announced yesterday that hundreds of plants grown in the laboratory had been successfully replanted in the wild, the culmination of 40 years' work.

By far the most brightly coloured and exotic of all British orchids, the maroon and yellow Lady's-slipper was a favourite with Victorians, who wanted them for their gardens or pressed flower collections. By the beginning of the 20th century it had been "picked to death". In the Sixties, a thief stole part of the lone wild survivor but fortunately left enough stems and roots for the plant to continue to grow.

Today it is still kept under constant guard during the months it is recognisable above ground, and has provided seeds for pollinating and propagating the orchid in the laboratory.

Ian Taylor, a botanist with English Nature, said: "By the time we got to the 1950s we were down to one plant in a locality in Yorkshire, and that plant was believed to be under considerable threat so it was guarded and highly protected from the time of its discovery through to the 1970s, when we decided we could not just sit there with just one plant in one place and do nothing about it.

"The problem was at that time we did not have techniques to extend the population. It did not flower every year but infrequently.

"A healthy population with a lot of flowers would produce vast quantities of seeds, only a few of which would survive. When you are down to one plant it does not pollinate naturally because there are too few flowers," explained Mr Taylor.

Not until the early 1990s did scientists discovered new ways to assist with wildlife reproduction. "These were called micro-propagation, which involved the production of new plants in the laboratory using seeds produced by hand-pollination and producing them in a sterile culture at Kew Gardens in London," he said."We had a lot of failures, a lot of problems producing viable seeds, and even bigger problems getting them back into the wild, but from about 1995-96 onwards we had worked out most of the problems."

The scientists have now succeeded in transferring the laboratory-bred plants to their natural limestone habitats, which stretch from Cumbria in the west to the North Sea coastline of Durham and Yorkshire in the east.Mr Taylor added: "We have now got 200 to 300 plants back into the wild in, I think, 12 localities across that area, the majority in North Yorkshire."The sites are secret, though one – near the waterfall at Ingleton Glen – is on view to the public. One of the laboratory-bred plants has even flowered.

Problems still exist. The "cosseted" plants are unused to surviving in the wild and scientists continue to work on making them hardy enough to cope with pests and fungi.

But Mr Taylor is confident that years of work will eventually pay off. "It is not our intention to garden this for ever. We want to get enough plants back into the wild to be self- sustaining. But to get it through this difficult intensive-care stage may take decades."

 

Report Two: Iain E P Taylor: Singer and Scientist

 

Source: http://www.councilscienceeditors.org/files/scienceeditor/v32n1p027-028.pdf

 I sing or whistle everywhere I go, says Iain Taylor. Perhaps you noticed the music in Taylors talks at the 2008 CSE annual meeting. Taylor, an organizer of the meeting, performs in the University of British Columbia Opera (UBC) Ensemble and has been singing in choirs for most of his life. He is a botanist, an editor, and an ethicist.

 

At the end of World War II, 6-year-old Taylor sang occasionally in the chapel in his grandmothers Welsh community. I was the performing seal, he says. Taylors father fought in the war, leaving Taylors mother to run the family pharmacy. Taylors grandmother lived with them, and she raised and educated Taylor for the first few years of his life. She helped start a life-long addiction to choral music.

 At a boarding school in north Wales, Taylor became truly immersed in singing, and he even repeated 12th grade partly as an excuse to do more of it. One reason for staying that extra year was the performances that the school choir gave along the Welsh coast. Percy Heywood, the choirmaster, simply believed that the best thing you could possibly do with life is to sing, Taylor says. Several of Taylors contemporaries became renowned singers, and one was a founding member of the Kings Singers, one of Englands premier small group choral ensembles. Taylor thought about studying music in college, but my mother told me to get a proper degree first, he says.

 

Learning, Teaching, and Research

 Following his mothers advice, Taylor began his studies at the University of Liverpool in biochemistry. He did well on the examinations but discovered that I would need

to do terrible things like calculus, he says. In attempting to escape mathematics, Taylor eventually enrolled in honors botany. He did undergraduate research on seed biochemistry and then continued in the same laboratory for his PhD. At Liverpool, Taylor got his first taste of musical theater as a member of the student revue, in which he performed in light satirical skits. He finished graduate school in 1964 and considered what to do next.

 Taylor initially wasnt too keen on being a researcher. He accepted a job teaching

biology at Blundells School, a prominent high school in southwest England. While

teaching at Blundells, Taylor sang with a nearby operatic society, performing in two operettas: The Merry Widow, by Franz Lehár, and The Gypsy Baron, by Johann Strauss II.

 

Blundells had a long tradition of original research by upper-level students, and this had an enormous impact on my career, says Taylor, who later started a research program for college freshmen. While Taylor was at Blundells, a UK scientific society was giving grants to teachers to find original projects for student investigations. Taylor wanted to apply for these grants but was discouraged by his school principal. He decided that he could do with a bit of travel and a bit more scientific research, perhaps in systematic botany.

He embarked on a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Texas at Austin. At Austin, Taylor collaborated with Billie L Turner in studying plant cell-wall proteins and looking for proteins important in plant systematics. He also taught a freshman biology course almost identical to what he had taught in the UK. The only adaptationrequired, Taylor says, was to avoid mention of the heresy of evolution!

 

After 2 years at the University of Texas, Taylor was hired by UBC to teach freshman biology and bring things up to date. In 1969, he started Biology Electives, a program in which freshmen work to answer unanswered questions in biology; the program is still running. His own research initially focused on plant and fungal cellwall compositions. In 1978, he began a collaboration with physicist Alex McKay to study the structure of the plant cell wall by using nuclear magnetic resonance. The 30-year collaboration ended in 2007, 3 years after Taylors official retirement from UBC. During the not awfully prolificbut very rewarding collaboration, Taylor discovered that even though I didnt know mathematics I could read equations. And I taught my physics colleagues some botany.

 

Editing and More

 

Taylors editing career began in 1980, when he became an associate editor of the Canadian Journal of Botany (CJB), a journal of the National Research Council Canada (NRC) Press, and joined the Council of Biology Editors (now the Council of Science Editors). By 1989, Taylor had moved up to editor-in-chief; 2 years later, the editor-in chief of the NRC Press Research Journals, Bruce Dancik, asked Taylor to become assistant editor-in-chief of these journals.

[Taylor] wanted to see [the journals] succeed and thrive, Dancik says. Many of

the editors [at NRC Press] do very good jobs but arent interested beyond that.

Taylor helped Dancik to find editors for the journalswhere all editorial positions are filled by volunteersand to put out periodic brush fires, in Danciks words.

 Among the brush fires Taylor needed to put out were cases of scientific misconduct. While Taylor was a new associate editor, one case began when a reviewer attempted to stall the publication of an article that he was sent. The article was eventually reviewed by others and published; shortly thereafter, another journal published a work by the first reviewer that drew heavily on the reviewed article without citing it.Taylor was deeply affected by the case. We had all assumed that botanists were honest, professional people, Taylor says.

 Through cases like that one, Taylor became interested in the ethics of science. He has taught courses, given talks, and written about professionalism in science and in science publishing. Taylor is an associate member of the UBC Center for Applied Ethics.

 One of Taylors contributions to the teaching of science ethics is the writing workshops he offers at UBC and other institutions. Scholars must be writing an article to attend; at the end of the workshop, the manuscripts are reviewed by two attendees in unrelated fields. He has taught 40 writing workshops since 1993. We are teaching about the ethics of authorship, dealing with reviewers, and having the manuscript formatted correctly, Taylor

says. I am just reading a thesis. What do I see? . . . The quickest way to gain a reputation

as a sloppy author is to have sloppy references.

 In 1999, Taylor retired from the CJB, and in 2004, he retired from the Department of Botany. After his 40-year tenure, Taylor knows about 80% of the students who ever graduated from the Department of Botany. He is coediting a book on the history of science at UBC.

 

When Taylor attempted to retire as editor at the NRC Research Journals, Dancik talked him into staying until 2006. I was sorry to see him go, Dancik says. He said, Its probably time to put me out to pasture,and I said, But we get along so well. So I

convinced him to stay a little longer. The two collaborated again to cochair the program

committee for the 2008 CSE annual meeting.

 

Taylor now works half time as the project director at the UBC Botanical Garden. He also edits the gardens scientific journal, Davidsonia, a quarterly named after the gardens founder, John Davidson. In 2002, Taylor brought Davidsonia back to life, 20 years after funding cutbacks had killed it. Davidsonia now operates on a small but stable annual budget, accepts submissions from all over the world, and is peer reviewed. We print it in house and get friends of the garden to staple it together,Taylor says.

 

Singing in the Opera Ensemble

 

Shortly after Taylor retired, he began singing with the UBC Opera Ensemble. He was invited to sing by Nancy Hermiston, director of the UBC Voice and Opera Division, after they worked together at UBC ceremonies. I found myself singing in a variety of operas, always as the tame gray hair, says Taylor, who is at least 30 years older than most of the other performers.

 

The UBC Opera Ensemble recently performed the world premiere of Dream Healer, by Vancouver composer Lloyd Burritt, about the psychiatrist Carl Jung. As part of the chorus, Taylor had the freedom to invent a character. He chose to play a janitor who had been cured at Jungs clinic. To get into character, he went to a run-down Vancouver neighborhood where homeless, mentally ill people congregate. I spent a lot of my time downtown and found someone behaving peculiarly and looked at their gestures, Taylor says. Hermiston says that Taylor surreptitiously mixed with all the levels of society at the clinic when he found a broom and swept the entire stage. Hermiston says that Taylor not only is a good singer but helps the ensemble in many other ways. When one of the students is writing a thesis, he or she may come to Taylor for editorial advice. He is a great example for discipline and concentration,she says.

 

Taylor has a talent for bringing diverse people together, Hermiston says. For instance, Taylors connections made it easy for an Opera Ensemble fundraiser, the Opera Tea, to be held at the UBC Botanical Garden. According to Hermiston, Taylor also combines different sorts of people within himself. Says Hermiston: He has the imagination of a scientist and an artist, combined.

 

Olga Kuchment prepared this profile while a Science Editor intern.



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