南京理工大学张树鹏研究组分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/shupeng2009

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祝贺胡绅,谢康俊等同学文章在Chemical Engineering Journal发表

已有 592 次阅读 2019-10-29 19:05 |个人分类:点滴成果|系统分类:论文交流

Significantly enhanced capacitance deionization performance by coupling activated carbon with triethyltetramine-functionalized graphene

 

Shen Hu a,1, Kangjun Xie a,1, Xumei Zhang a, Shupeng Zhang a,*, Juanjuan Gao aHaiou Song b,* Duozhe Chen a


1 S. Hu and K.J. Xie contributed equally to this work.


ABSTRACT

 

Capacitance deionization technology differs from traditional demineralization technology; its desalination effect depends mainly on the electrode material. The material surface area, pore size, conductivity, and hydrophilicity affect the capacitance deionization performance. Here, various ethyleneamine-functionalized graphene oxide nanocomposites were synthesized by a simple “one-pot” organic reaction. The nitrogen atom of the ethyleneamine can improve the adsorption performance owing to the interfacial interaction between lone pair electrons and salt ions, and NH2 groups can react with the oxygen-containing group of graphene oxide to generate a stable porous nanostructure. The capacitance deionization device that is based on triethyltetramine-modified graphene oxide (TETA-mGO) exhibits an excellent specific capacitance (104.13 F/g) and salt electrosorption capacity (9.50 mg/g) at 1.6 V. To enhance the deionization performance and reduce the cost, activated carbon was introduced to couple with TETA-mGO to construct a composite electrode (AC/TETA-mGO) with a reasonable ratio of TETA-mGO and activated carbon. Among them, the novel AC/TETA-mGO-10% composite exhibits a superior electrochemical performance with an improved specific capacitance of 147.29 F/g. In addition, AC/TETA-mGO-10% also exhibited excellent salt adsorption capacity (15.17 mg/g) in a low concentration of NaCl solution. These results demonstrate that ethyleneamine-functionalized graphene oxide can improve the electroadsorption performance, and similarly the coupling of activated carbon and TETA-mGO shows potential as an advanced, inexpensive electrode material for capacitive-deionization application.

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