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如何写好科技英语300字短文:Part II (Feb 8,2019)

已有 1116 次阅读 2019-2-9 07:02 |个人分类:Scientific Writing|系统分类:教学心得| 科技英语写作

讲课用的textbook: College Writing Skills with Readings, Ninth Edition (美国大学英语写作第九版) by John Langan (available on jd for less than RMB70)




Part II: Patterns of Essay Development (短文的分类和写作手法)

Chapter 7: Introduction to Essay Development

Patterns of Essay Development 

Traditionally, writing has been divided into the following patterns of development: 




   Exemplification             Comparison or contrast 

    Process                     Definition

    Cause and effect          Division-classification



As you practice writing, keep these two points in mind:

·     While each essay that you write will involve one predominant pattern, very often it may involve one or more additional patterns as well. 

·     No matter which pattern(s) you use, each essay will probably involve some form of argumentation. 


The Progression in Each Chapter

In Chapters 8-16, after each pattern is explained, student essays and a professional essay illustrating that pattern are presented, followed by questions about the essays. You are then asked to write your own essay.


Chapter 8 Description (描述式短文)

This chapter will explain and illustrate how to develop, write, and revise an essay with emphasis on description. 

You are provided with two student essays and one professional essay that emphasize description.

注意:with emphasis on description emphasize description差别

有课本的同学,请看Beth Johnson写的Lou’s Place。(我不打算按教科书进行,原因是我偏科技英语写作。)


Lou’s Place

By Beth Johnson




Developing an Essay with Emphasis on Description

Considering Purpose and Audience

Visualizing the Subject

Perhaps, the most important sense is sight. It allows the writer to visualize his/her subject before describing it in words. This is why researchers use figures in their papers. Use different colors to reveal the complexity of your result.


Developing through Prewriting

Developing through Revising





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