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小常识:Orthopaedics与Orthopedics的区别

已有 8443 次阅读 2012-12-2 10:58 |系统分类:科普集锦|关键词:骨科,的,同仁| 骨科, 同仁

骨科新手通常对Orthopaedics与Orthopedics的区别抱有疑问,现将其Google如下:

Why we use the spelling Orthopaedics instead of Orthopedics?
Is the word “Orthopaedic” or “Orthopedic” spelled correctly? The right answer is that they both are, however we use the former in the name of our group Atlantic Orthopaedic Specialists for a number of reasons. 

Nicholas Andry “the Father of Orthopaedics” first used the term in 1741 when he published “Orthopaedia or The Art of Correcting and Preventing Deformities in Children”. The word Orthopaedic is derived from the Greek word “orthos” meaning to straighten and “paidion” signifying children. In early years, the specialty of Orthopaedics focused primarily on the correction of childhood musculoskeletal deformities such as polio, rickets, and scoliosis. This spelling is also used to distinguish it from other specialties such as pediatrics and podiatry, since in Latin “pedis” means foot and in Greek “pod” represents the foot. 

Today, the specialty of Orthopaedics is the branch of medicine that deals exclusively with the diagnosis and treatment of injuries and disorders of the musculoskeletal system. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons founded in 1933 is the main provider of education to Orthopaedic Surgeons and other healthcare providers seeking information on musculoskeletal conditions and their treatment. We take great pride in our profession and in the care we give to our patients and so we use the original spelling to represent a firm commitment to our chosen specialty and its future. 

http://www.atlanticortho.com/orthopedic.aspx

1. Orthopaedics和Orthopedics读音一样,英音与美音略有区别,英音:[,ɔ:θə'pi:diks],美音:[,ɔrθə'pidɪks]。
2. Orthopaedics是传统的拼写方式。由Nicholas Andry在1741年他的著作“Orthopaedia: or the Art of Correcting and Preventing Deformities in Children.”里第一次使用,词根"orthos"意指矫正, "paideion" 指儿童。其原意是指儿童矫形的研究。
3. Orthopedics指关于骨骼肌肉系统的研究。 美国使用orthopedic比较多,而世界上其他的国家,地区通常使用传统的orthopaedic这种拼写。但是官方的一些项目,大学,甚至美国骨科医生协会,美国骨科学会使用的都是传统的orthopaedic拼写方式。


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