仁者为人,仁人为医分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/tengyj06 骨生物力学,江苏徐州人,邮箱:tengyj06@126.com

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实验室常用仪器名称中英文对照

已有 29588 次阅读 2012-3-26 11:11 |系统分类:科研笔记|关键词:实验室,升降台,regular,normal,color| normal, 实验室, color, 升降台, regular

最近老板收了一个印度的学生,和我们组一起做实验。这可难坏了我,所有仪器的的英文名称都要拿着手机查完后才能张嘴,索性在网上收集一下,整理在这里。【感觉有些翻译的不是很地道,望大家指正】

试验用器材

酒精灯alcohol lamp

一次性注射器 disposable syringe

升降台lab jack
铁架台iron support
万能夹extension clamp
蝴蝶夹double-buret clamp
双顶丝clamp regular holder
止水夹flatjaw pinchcock
圆形漏斗架cast-iron ring
移液管架pipet rack
试管架tube rack
沸石boiling stone
橡胶管rubber tubing
药匙lab spoon
镊子forceps
坩埚钳crucible tong
剪刀scissor
打孔器stopper borer
石棉网asbestos-free wire gauze
电炉丝wire coil for heater
脱脂棉absorbent cottonph
ph试纸 universal ph indicator paper
滤纸 filter paper
称量纸weighing paper
擦镜纸wiper for lens
秒表stopwatch
量杯glass graduates with scale
白滴定管(酸) flint glass burette with glass stopcock
棕色滴定管(酸) brown glass burette with glass stopcock
白滴定管(碱) flint glass burette for alkali
棕色滴定管(碱) brown glass burette for alkali
比重瓶specific gravity bottle
水银温度计mercury-filled thermometer
ph计ph meter
折光仪refractometer
真空泵vacuum pump
冷、热浴bath
离心机centrifuge
口罩respirator
防毒面具respirator、gasmask
磁力搅拌器magnetic stirrer
电动搅拌器power basic stirrer
烘箱oven
闪点仪flash point tester
马弗炉furnace
电炉 heater
微波炉电热套heating mantle
Bunsen burner 本生灯
product 化学反应产物
apparatus 设备
PH indicator PH值指示剂,氢离子(浓度的)负指数指示剂
matrass 卵形瓶
litmus 石蕊
litmus paper 石蕊试纸
burette 滴定管
retort 曲颈甑
still 蒸馏釜
cupel 烤钵

 

容器类
量杯 measuring cup
烧杯 beaker 不锈钢杯stainless-steel beaker
量筒 measuring flask/measuring cylinder 量筒 graduated flask/measuring cylinder
坩埚 crucible 坩埚钳 crucible clamp 坩埚 crucible pot, melting pot
试管 test tube 试管架 test tube holder
漏斗 funnel 分液漏斗 separatory funnel
烧瓶 flask 锥形瓶 conical flask
塞子 stopper
洗瓶 plastic wash bottle
滴定管 burette
玻璃活塞 stopcock
冷凝器 condenser
试剂瓶 reagent bottles
玻棒 glass rod 搅拌棒stirring rod
蒸馏烧瓶 distilling flask
碘量瓶 iodine flask
表面皿 watch glass
蒸发皿 evaporating dish
容量瓶 volumetric flask/measuring flask
移液管 (one-mark) pipette
刻度移液管 graduated pipettes
称量瓶weighing bottle
吸液管pipette
滤管filter
天平 balance/scale
分析天平 analytical balance
台秤 platform balance
游码 crossbeams and sliding weights
酒精灯alcohol burner
酒精喷灯blast alcohol burner
搅拌装置 stirring device
洗耳球 rubber suction bulb
研磨钵 mortar 研磨棒 pestle 玛瑙研钵agate mortar
瓷器 porcelain
白细口瓶flint glass solution bottle with stopper
滴瓶 dropping bottle 小滴管 dropper
蒸馏装置distilling apparatus
蒸发器 evaporator

常用的玻璃试验仪器的英文名称
adapter 接液管, 连接管,接头
air condenser 空气冷凝管
beaker 烧杯
boiling flask 烧瓶
boiling flask-3-neck 三口烧瓶
burette clamp 滴定管夹
burette stand 滴定架台
Busher funnel 布氏漏斗
Claisen distilling head 减压蒸馏头
condenser-Allihn type 球型冷凝管
condenser-west tube 直型冷凝管
crucible tongs 坩埚钳
crucible with cover 带盖的坩埚
distilling head 蒸馏头
distilling tube 蒸馏管
Erlenmeyer flask 锥型瓶
evaporating dish (porcelain) 瓷蒸发皿
filter flask(suction flask) 抽滤瓶
florence flask 平底烧瓶
fractionating column 分馏柱
Geiser burette (stopcock) 酸氏滴定管
graduated cylinder 量筒
Hirsch funnel 赫氏漏斗
long-stem funnel 长颈漏斗
medicine dropper 滴管
Mohr burette for use with pinchcock
碱氏滴定管
Mohr measuring pipette 量液管
mortar 研钵
pestle 研杵
pinch clamp 弹簧节流夹
plastic squeeze bottle 塑料洗瓶
reducing bush 大变小转换接头
rubber pipette bulb 吸耳球
screw clamp 螺旋夹
separatory funnel 分液漏斗
stemless funnel 无颈漏斗
test tube holder 试管夹
test tube 试管
Thiele melting point tube 提勒熔点管
transfer pipette 移液管
tripod 三角架
volumetric flask 容量瓶
watch glass 表皿
wide-mouth bottle 广口瓶
仪器设备
Materials used in our laboratory:实验用材料
Rotor 转子
Air filter (Laminar flow cabinet)空气过滤器
pH meter pH计
Parafilm石蜡封口膜
Graduated pipette带有刻度的吸管
Graduated cylinder量筒
Sealing equipment封口设备
Electrophoresis power supply 电泳电源
Thermostatic ciculator 恒温循环仪
Vacuum pump 真空泵
Vacuum manifold多头抽真空装置
Eppendorf tube微量离心管
Inverted microscope倒置显微镜
Slide载玻片
Cover glass盖玻片
Electronic balance电子天平
Centrifuge离心机
Centrifuge tube离心管
Air conditioner空调机
Flask烧瓶
Beaker烧杯
Power supply电源
Power transformer电源变压器
Mini-monitor G-M tube
Gel system凝胶系统
Sterilizer消毒器
Disinfector消毒剂
Shaker 摇床
Vortexing machine 振荡器
Pipette tip吸管端
Vacuum line真空线
Vacuum traps 真空阀
Whatman (filter) paper华特门滤纸
Ultraviolet illumination紫外灯
Gel tank电泳槽
Minicell微细胞;小电泳槽
Comb 电泳用的梳子
Teeth of comb 梳子齿
Support tooth 梳子最两边的齿,一般略高于其他齿,起支撑作用
Horizontal agrose gels 水平琼脂糖凝胶
Glass plate玻璃片
Slot狭槽
Electrical leads电线
Anode阳极
Cathode阴极
Xylene cyanol FF二甲苯苯胺FF
Laminar flow cabinet层流柜
Erlenmeyer三角瓶
Volumetric flask容量瓶
Cupboard药柜
Shifting spanner
Stapler吻合器
Rack饲料架
Gel tray凝胶板
Toothpick牙签
Refill再填
Screw螺丝钉
Bolt 螺栓,插销
Nut, Cap nut锁紧螺母
Screw driver旋凿
Socket齿槽,插口
Adapter转接器
Plug插头
Electrode电极
Duplicator, copying machine复印机
Copy paper复印纸
Carbon paper复写纸
Nail 钉,(指)甲
Hammer锤
Joint关节
Timer计时器
Alarm clock闹钟
Staple U形钉
Stapler吻合器
Globe 眼球,球
Coat hanger衣服挂钩
Shifting spanner 扳手
Stapler 订书机
staple 订书钉
Rack试管架
Gel tray 凝胶电泳槽
Toothpick牙签
Refill 圆珠笔芯
Globe 灯泡
Plastic wrap:保鲜膜
Rack: 试管架
heat blocker:保温加热器

 

化学反应
analysis 分解
fractionation 分馏
endothermic reaction 吸热反应
exothermic reaction 放热反应
precipitation 沉淀
to precipitate 沉淀
to distil, to distill 蒸馏
distillation 蒸馏
to calcine 煅烧
to oxidize 氧化
alkalinization 碱化
to oxygenate, to oxidize 脱氧,氧化
to neutralize 中和
to hydrogenate 氢化
to hydrate 水合,水化
to dehydrate 脱水
fermentation 发酵
solution 溶解
combustion 燃烧
fusion, melting 熔解
alkalinity 碱性
isomerism, isomery 同分异物现象
hydrolysis 水解
electrolysis 电解
electrode 电极
anode 阳极,正极
cathode 阴极,负极
catalyst 催化剂
catalysis 催化作用
oxidization, oxidation 氧化
reducer 还原剂
dissolution 分解
synthesis 合成
reversible 可逆的


白细口瓶flint glass solution bottle with stopper
棕细口瓶 brown glass solution bottle with stopper
白广口瓶flint glass solid bottle with stopper
棕色滴瓶brown glass dr-opping bottle
白色滴瓶flint glass dr-opping bottle
塑料洗瓶plastic wash bottle
漏斗funnel & separation
三角漏斗funnel
瓷布氏漏斗coors filtering crucible for bitumens
布氏砂心漏斗buchner funnerl with fritted disc
球形分液漏斗globe-shaped funnel
梨形分液漏斗pear-shaped funnel
小滴管dr-opper
蒸发、冷凝、抽提器condensor & extractor
索氏抽提装置soxhlet apparatus with allihn condenser
抽提筒soxhlet extraction tube
抽提冷凝管allihn condenser wih straight outlet tube
球形冷凝管economical allihn condenser
蛇形冷凝管graham condenser
直形冷凝管 condenser distillation column
逆流冷凝管reflux condenser
蒸馏装置distilling apparatus
旋转蒸发器rotary evaporator
石油产品蒸馏仪petroleum distilling apparatus
试验管tube
比色管毛细管glass microbore tube
筛选设备filtration
标准筛test sieve
震动筛lab sieve shaker
常备用品lab. fitting equipment
大口杯/烧杯beaker
玻璃烧杯glass beaker
聚四氟乙烯烧杯ptfe griffin beaker
塑料烧杯plastic beaker
不锈钢杯stainless-steel beaker
玻璃瓶flask三角瓶conical flask
具塞三角瓶conical flask with stopper
支管蒸馏烧瓶distilling flas
k凯氏烧瓶kjeldahl flask
抽滤瓶accessory flask with side arm
碘量瓶flask iodine
盘、皿、罐、坩埚dish/jar/crucible
表面皿watch glass
带柄表面皿watch glass with handle
砂心坩埚gooch filtering crucible
称量皿low-form weighing bottle
剪刀scissor
打孔器stopper borer
石棉网asbestos-free wire gauze
电炉丝wire coil for heater
脱脂棉absorbent cottonph 
试纸(广泛) universal ph indicator paper
圆形定性滤纸qualitative grade filter circles
方形定性滤纸qualitative grade rectangular filter sheets
称量纸weighing paper
擦镜纸wiper for lens
标签纸 paper label
样品推车lab cart
定时钟traceable timer
秒表stopwatch
油脂取样器oil sampler
液体取样器liquid sampler
原粮扦样器needle-point sampler
取样铲 scoop煤气灯bunsen burner
计量仪器measuring instrument
移液器pipette/spatula
刻度移液管graduated pipette
大肚移液管volumetric pipet
微量进样器microliter syringe
定量加液器bottle- top dispenser
容量瓶flask volumetric
称量瓶weighing bottle
研磨钵clear glass mortar
研磨棒clear glass pestle
玛瑙研钵agate mortar
玛瑙研磨棒agate pestle
瓷坩埚coors porcelain crucible
过滤瓷坩埚coors porcelain gooch filtering crucible
蒸发皿coors porcelain porcelain dish
具柄蒸发皿coors porcelain casserole
铝盒aluminium specimen box
容器bottle
玻璃棒glass stirring rod
三口连接管tube with two joints
牛角弯头vacuum connecting tube
温度计套管bevel-seal inlet adapter
干燥器desiccator
真空干燥器vacuum-pressure desiccator
酒精灯alcohol burner
酒精喷灯blast alcohol burner
升降台lab jack
三角架clay pipe iron-wire triangle
铁架台iron support
万能夹extension clamp
蝴蝶夹double-buret clamp
双顶丝clamp regular holder
止水夹flatjaw pinchcock
圆形漏斗架cast-iron ring
移液管架pipet rack
滴水架dry rack
试管架tube rack
比色管架沸石boiling stone
橡胶管rubber tubing
真空泵管tygon vacuum tubing
透明pvc管clear pvc tubing
橡胶塞rubber stopper
吸耳球bulb for pipet
乳胶帽漏斗刷funnel or graduate brush
试剂瓶刷bottle brush
离心管刷centrifuge tube brush
滴定管刷buret brush
试管刷tube brush
比色管刷nessler tube brush
容量瓶刷volumetric flask brush
烧杯刷beaker brush
移液管刷brush for transfer pipets
取样篮collapsible carrier
密封样品袋seal sample bag
药匙lab spoon
镊子forceps
坩埚钳crucible tong
白容量瓶flint glass flask volumetric
棕色容量瓶brown glass flask volumetric
量筒volumetric cylinder
量筒measuring cylinder
具塞量筒mixing cylinder with stopper
量杯glass graduates with scale
滴定仪器burette/dispenser/titration
白滴定管(酸) flint glass burette with glass stopcock
棕色滴定管(酸) brown glass burette with glass stopcock
白滴定管(碱) flint glass burette for alkali
棕色滴定管(碱) brown glass burette for alkali
聚四氟乙烯旋塞滴管flint glass burette with ptfe stopcock
数显半自动滴定仪digital buret
自动滴定仪automatic titrator
比重瓶specific gravity bottle
水银温度计mercury-filled thermometer
红水温度计red-spirit-filled thermometer
精密温度计fractional-degree thermometer
石油密度计hydrometerph计ph meter
折光仪refractometer
天平analytical balance
电导率仪分光光度计真空泵vacuum pump
冷、热浴bath循环冷却器refrigerating circulator
数显循环水浴锅digital circulating water bath
循环加热器heating circulator
高温加热器(油浴) high-temperature circulator(oil bath)
加热水浴锅digital heating circulating water bath
往复振荡水浴锅reciprocating shaker bath
离心机centrifuge
劳动防护用品safety equip.
全棉工作服cotton lab coat
袖套dafety sleevelet
口罩respirator
工作鞋footware
隔热手套heat insulation gloves
防护眼镜safety spectacle
耐酸碱手套anti-erode glove
防毒面具respirator
安全帽motorcycle safety helmet
洗眼器eyewash equipment
急救药箱first aid pyxides
消防器材fire protection equipment
洗涤用品 things for washing
防滑垫lab mat
粉碎搅拌设备mill & mixer
振荡器shaker
粉碎磨cyclone sample mill
剪切磨cutting mill
磁力搅拌器magnetic stirrer
电动搅拌器power basic stirrer
数显电热搅拌器digital stirring hotplate
加热、制冷设备heating/refrigeration
烘箱oven闪点仪flash point tester
马弗炉furnace
万用电炉wire coil heater
微波炉电热套heating mantle
冰箱refrigerator

原子发射光谱仪 Atomic Emission Spectrometer AES 
电感偶合等离子体发射光谱仪 Inductive Coupled Plasma Emission Spectrometer ICP 
直流等离子体发射光谱仪 Direct Current Plasma Emission Spectrometer DCP 
紫外-可见光分光光度计 UV-Visible Spectrophotometer UV-Vis 
微波等离子体光谱仪 Microwave Inductive Plasma Emission Spectrometer MIP 
原子吸收光谱仪 Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy AAS 
原子荧光光谱仪 Atomic Fluorescence Spectroscopy AFS 
傅里叶变换红外光谱仪 FT-IR Spectrometer FTIR 
傅里叶变换拉曼光谱仪 FT-Raman Spectrometer FTIR-Raman
气相色谱仪 Gas Chromatograph GC 
高压/效液相色谱仪 High Pressure/Performance Liquid Chromatography HPLC 
离子色谱仪 Ion Chromatograph 
凝胶渗透色谱仪 Gel Permeation Chromatograph GPC 
体积排阻色谱 Size Exclusion Chromatograph SEC 
X射线荧光光谱仪 X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer XRF 
X射线衍射仪 X-Ray Diffractomer XRD 
同位素X荧光光谱仪 Isotope X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer 
电子能谱仪 Electron Energy Disperse Spectroscopy 
能谱仪 Energy Disperse Spectroscopy EDS 
质谱仪 Mass Spectrometer MS 
ICP-质谱联用仪 ICP-MS ICP-MS 
气相色谱-质谱联用仪 GC-MS GC-MS 
液相色谱-质谱联用仪 LC-MS LC-MS 
核磁共振波谱仪 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer NMR 
电子顺磁共振波谱仪 Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectrometer ESR 
极谱仪 Polarograph 
伏安仪 Voltammerter 
自动滴定仪 Automatic Titrator 
电导仪 Conductivity Meter 
pH计 pH Meter 
水质分析仪 Water Test Kits 
电泳仪 Electrophoresis System 
表面科学 Surface Science 
电子显微镜 Electro Microscopy 
光学显微镜 Optical Microscopy 
金相显微镜 Metallurgical Microscopy 
扫描探针显微镜 Scanning Probe Microscopy 
表面分析仪 Surface Analyzer 
无损检测仪 Instrument for Nondestructive Testing 
物性分析 Physical Property Analysis 
热分析仪 Thermal Analyzer 
粘度计 Viscometer 
流变仪 Rheometer 
粒度分析仪 Particle Size Analyzer 
热物理性能测定仪 Thermal Physical Property Tester 
电性能测定仪 Electrical Property Tester 
光学性能测定仪 Optical Property Tester 
机械性能测定仪 Mechanical Property Tester 
燃烧性能测定仪 Combustion Property Tester 
老化性能测定仪 Aging Property Tester 
生物技术分析 Biochemical analysis 
PCR仪 Instrument for Polymerase Chain Reaction PCR 
DNA及蛋白质的测序和合成仪 Sequencers and Synthesizers for DNA and Protein 
传感器 Sensors 
其他 Other/Miscellaneous 
流动分析与过程分析 Flow Analytical and Process Analytical Chemistry 
气体分析 Gas Analysis 
基本物理量测定 Basic Physics 
样品处理 Sample Handling 
金属/材料元素分析仪 Metal/material elemental analysis 
环境成分分析仪 CHN Analysis 
发酵罐 Fermenter 
生物反应器 Bio-reactor 
摇床 Shaker 
离心机 Centrifuge 
超声破碎仪 Ultrasonic Cell Disruptor 
超低温冰箱 Ultra-low Temperature Freezer 
恒温循环泵 Constant Temperature Circulator 
超滤器 Ultrahigh Purity Filter 
冻干机 Freeze Drying Equipment 
部分收集器 Fraction Collector 
氨基酸测序仪 Protein Sequencer 
氨基酸组成分析仪 Amino Acid Analyzer 
多肽合成仪 Peptide synthesizer 
DNA测序仪 DNA Sequencers 
DNA合成仪 DNA synthesizer 
紫外观察灯 Ultraviolet Lamp 
分子杂交仪 Hybridization Oven 
PCR仪 PCR Amplifier 
化学发光仪 Chemiluminescence Apparatus
紫外检测仪 Ultraviolet Detector 
电泳 Electrophoresis 
酶标仪 ELIASA 
CO2培养箱 CO2 Incubators 
倒置显微镜 Inverted Microscope 
超净工作台 Bechtop 
流式细胞仪 Flow Cytometer 
微生物自动分析系统 Automatic Analyzer for Microbes 
生化分析仪 Biochemical Analyzer 
血气分析仪 Blood-gas Analyzer 
电解质分析仪 Electrolytic Analyzer 
尿液分析仪 Urine Analyzer 
临床药物浓度仪 Analyzer for Clinic Medicine Concentration 
血球计数器 Hematocyte Counter


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