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英文编辑讲座:使文章“好”上加好 | 符号篇 精选

已有 4217 次阅读 2017-1-18 21:47 |个人分类:理文编辑|系统分类:论文交流| 英文编辑讲座, “好”上加好, 符号篇


Punctuation Has the Power to Completely
Change the Meaning of a Sentence
标点可以完全改变句子意思

1. Commas: Be careful about commas with essential and nonessential information

逗号:注意必要和非必要信息


Ask yourself, “Is the information essential or is it extra information that could be omitted”?
问你自己:“此信息
必要吗, 或是否为多余信息进行省略” ?


If the information is essential, do NOT use commas.
如果此信息是
重要的,不要使用逗号。


If the information is extra, nonessential, information, you MUST use commas.
如果此信息是附加的,
不必要的,必须使用逗号。


正确用法:
The equipment that we used was made by the XX Company.


错误用法:
The equipment, which we used, was made by the XX Company.


正确用法:
The equipment, which was made in Shanghai, was very expensive.


Basic Rule for Comma Use
逗号使用的一般规则


Use commas + “which” for non-essential information.
用逗号+“which”表示非必要的信息
This review, which can also be found online, covers research that started in 1999.
×This review that can also be found online covers research that started in 1999.


Use NO commas + “that” for essential information.
直接使用“that”表示必要的信息
The research that I reviewed started in 1999.
×The research, that I reviewed, started in 1999.


2. Hyphens, en dash, em dash: Try not to overuse because they can slow down the reader
连字符,一字线,破折号尽量少用


Hyphens and Dashes


  • Hyphen (-): Connector rather than in indicator of interruption or omission. 连接

    well-being, advanced-level

  • En dash (–): Means “through.” 范围

    August 28–29; pp. 2–5.

  • • Em dash (—): Separator to create a strong break in a sentence, like parentheses. 断开

    These two cities—that is, Beijing and Shanghai—are developing rapidly.


Practice Exercise 练习


1. The introduction is written on pages 3□6.
2. The CUJS conference will be held November 24□November 30 in Beijing, China.
3. Mr. Wang had tried asking, begging, and even demanding cooperation from his staff□all of whom were busy with other things□before he gave up and wrote the report himself.
4. No one□not even his professor□thought that his article would be published in Nature.
5. This is a well□known problem in organic chemistry.


3. Colons, Semicolons 冒号和分号


  • Colon: for listing and defining, and indicates a stronger pause than a semicolon.
    冒号: 用于列举,定义,比分号停顿强
    The presentation covered three topics: grammar, punctuation, and format.

  • Semicolon: for joining two related complete sentences (shows closer relationship than “.”).
    分号: 用于连接两个相关句子,比句号更具关联性
    The patient had no prior history of disease; however, he presented with many common symptoms.


4. Asian Symbols
亚洲字符:全角字符


  • All Asian, full-space fonts should be changed to Western, half-space fonts for accurate display on
    other computers and for proper printing.
    全角字符亚洲字符应转换为西文(半角) 字符,以便准确显示和打印
    The biggest offenders:
    用错最多的符号:

    、 , ; : ( ) × % < > ℃


英文编辑讲座:使文章“好”上加好 | 用词篇

英文编辑讲座:使文章“好”上加好 | 短语篇

英文编辑讲座:使文章“好”上加好 | 句子篇


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