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“情报”之乱

已有 1756 次阅读 2015-10-30 07:49 |个人分类:信息科学|系统分类:观点评述|关键词:学者

 

这里的情报、信息分的很清楚了

国家反恐怖情报信息平台

The anti-terrorism intelligence information platform

http://news.sina.com.cn/c/sz/2015-11-25/doc-ifxmazmy2074001.shtml

 

长期以来,中国将information翻译为情报、信息;information science翻译为情报学。

国际规范information信息;information science 信息科学(信息学)

中国将信息与情报、信息学与情报学、信息工作与情报工作、信息研究与情报研究相混淆,没有完全彻底分清。

后来,将中国的情报研究所改名为信息研究所,如中国科技情报研究所  改为  中国科技信息研究所。

比如下面的“情报”(information)用法都是错误的,应该改为“信息”:

文献情报中心     应为  文献信息中心

科技情报    应为  科技信息

科技情报工作    应为  科技信息工作

情报学报     应为   信息学学报

图书情报杂志    应为   图书馆学与信息学杂志

医学情报工作    应为   医学信息工作  

情报学    应为  information science信息科学(信息学)

情报学(协)会     应为   信息学(协)会  

information science

情报学information science) 是一门研究情报的性质和特点、影响情报流通的因素以及有效查取和利用情报的加工技术和方法的科学,它是一门新兴的交叉学科。

基于413个网页-相关网页

informatics

情报科学”(Information Science)还是非英语国家称谓的“情报学”(Informatics),其理论现状都难能差强人意。

基于45个网页-相关网页

intelligence studies

但60年来,我国情报界一直用信息学(Information science )来代替情报学Intelligence studies),张冠李戴、李代桃僵、挂羊头卖狗肉,是我国情报界近60年来,情报工作的重大失误之三。

基于12个网页-相关网页

information

彩色显影剂技术领域专利信息计量分析 - 图书馆、情报与文献学 - 首发论文 - 中国科技论文在线 关键词: 情报学;专利信息;专利计量;彩色显影剂[gap=602]Keywords: Information; Patent information; Patent measurement; Color toner

基于10个网页-相关网页

 

信息

information desk服务台,问询处                                        

information system信息系统                                                

information technology信息技术                                                

information management信息管理;资讯管理                                                

more information更多信息;详细信息;更多资料                                                

management information管理信息                                                

information resources信息资源                                                

information service信息服务,讯息服务;查询台;新闻部门                                                

management information system管理信息系统                                                

for information备考;以供参阅;提交参考                                                

for more information需要更多信息;取得进一步资讯                                                

information industry信息产业;信息企业                                                

accounting information会计信息;会计资料                                                

information processing信息处理;信息加工;信息整理                                                

information network信息网                                                

information management system信息管理系统;资讯管理制度                                                

information security信息安全性                                                

personal information个人信息,个人情况;个人资料,个人资讯                                                

information age信息时代                                                

information retrieval信息检索

 

情报

artificial intelligence人工智能                                                

competitive intelligence竞争情报                                                

business intelligence商业智能                                                

emotional intelligence情绪智力;情商;情绪智商                                                

intelligence quotient智商(缩写为IQ)                                                

intelligence quotient (IQ)智商                                                

intelligence quotient (iq)智商                                                

high intelligence高智商,高智力;高智能                                                

market intelligence市场情报;市场信息;巿场资讯                                                

intelligence agency情报局;情报单位                                                

intelligence service情报部门;情报工作;智能型服务                                                

intelligence development智力发展;智力开发                                                

intelligence test智力测验                                                

intelligence community情报界;情报共同体                                                

military intelligence军事情报                                                

central intelligence agency美国中央情报局(CIA)                                                

intelligence official情报官员                                                

intelligence officer情报人员;消防情报员                                                

general intelligence一般智力;普通智力                                                

intelligence gathering情报收集;情报搜集

 

美国国立医学图书馆出版的医学主题词表(MeSH)网络版   信息科学的定义和范畴分类非常清晰,大家可以参考。

信息科学包括计算机学、图书馆学、信息学、数据、知识等学科领域,不包括情报学(Intelligence  science )。

National Library of Medicine - Medical Subject Headings2016 MeSHMeSH Descriptor Data

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Standard View. Go to Concept View; Go to Expanded Concept View

MeSH HeadingInformation Science  信息科学
Tree NumberL01
AnnotationSPEC: SPEC qualif
Scope NoteThe field of knowledge, theory, and technology dealing with the collection of facts and figures, and the processes and methods involved in their manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. It includes the fields of COMMUNICATION; PUBLISHING; LIBRARY SCIENCE; and informatics.
Allowable QualifiersCL EC ED ES HI IS LJ MA MT OG SN ST TD
Previous IndexingInformation Services 信息服务 (1966-1992)  
Previous IndexingInformation Systems  信息系统 (1966-1992)
History Note93; was INFORMATION SCIENCE 信息科学 (NON MESH 非正式主题词) 1974-92
Date of Entry19990101
Unique IDD007254


MeSH Tree Structures

Arrow pointing to current tree nodeInformation Science [L01]  信息科学    +表示还有下位类
Book Collecting [L01.040]   图书采集
Chronology as Topic [L01.080]   年表专题
Classification [L01.100]  +   分类法
Communication [L01.143]  +  通讯
Communications Media [L01.178]  +  通讯媒介
Computer Security [L01.209]  +  计算机安全
Computing Methodologies [L01.224]  +  计算方法学
Copying Processes [L01.240]  +   复制技术
Data Collection [L01.280]  +  数据采集
Data Display [L01.296]  +  数据显示
Informatics [L01.313]  +   信息学
Information Centers [L01.346]  +  信息中心
Information Management [L01.399]  +  信息处理
Information Services [L01.453]  + 信息服务
Information Storage and Retrieval [L01.470]  + 信息出处与检索
Information Theory [L01.488]  信息论
Knowledge [L01.535]   知识
Library Science [L01.583]  +   图书馆学
Pattern Recognition, Automated [L01.725]  +  自动模式识别
Publishing [L01.737]  +   出版
Systems Analysis [L01.906]  +   系统分析

 

National Library of Medicine - Medical Subject Headings

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/cgi/mesh/2016/MB_cgi?mode=&index=7362&field=all&HM=&II=&PA=&form=&input=

 

National Library of Medicine - Medical Subject Headings2016 MeSHMeSH Descriptor Data

Return to Entry Page


Standard View. Go to Concept View; Go to Expanded Concept View

MeSH HeadingArtificial Intelligence   人工智能
Tree NumberG17.035.250
Tree NumberL01.224.050.375
Scope NoteTheory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
Entry TermAI (Artificial Intelligence)
Entry TermComputational Intelligence    
Entry TermComputer Reasoning
Entry TermComputer Vision Systems
Entry TermKnowledge Acquisition (Computer)
Entry TermKnowledge Representation (Computer)
Entry TermMachine Intelligence
See AlsoHeuristics
Allowable QualifiersCL EC ES HI LJ SD SN ST TD UT
Previous IndexingComputers (1966-1985)
History Note86
Date of Entry19850606
Unique IDD001185


MeSH Tree Structures

Mathematical Concepts [G17]
Algorithms [G17.035]
Arrow pointing to current tree nodeArtificial Intelligence 人工智能 [G17.035.250]
Machine Learning 机器学习 [G17.035.250.500]  +
Information Science [L01]
Computing Methodologies [L01.224]
Algorithms [L01.224.050]
Arrow pointing to current tree nodeArtificial Intelligence [L01.224.050.375]
Computer Heuristics [L01.224.050.375.095]
Expert Systems [L01.224.050.375.190]
Fuzzy Logic [L01.224.050.375.250]
Knowledge Bases [L01.224.050.375.480]  +
Machine Learning [L01.224.050.375.530]  +
Natural Language Processing [L01.224.050.375.580]
Neural Networks (Computer) [L01.224.050.375.605]
Robotics [L01.224.050.375.630]

 

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/cgi/mesh/2016/MB_cgi?mode=&index=1552&field=all&HM=&II=&PA=&form=&input=

 

MeSH Descriptor Data

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Standard View. Go to Concept View; Go to Expanded Concept View

MeSH HeadingIntelligence    智力
Tree NumberF01.752.543
Annotation/ genet permitted
Scope NoteThe ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
Allowable QualifiersCL DE GE PH RE
Date of Entry19990101
Unique IDD007360


MeSH Tree Structures

Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms [F01]
Personality [F01.752]
Assertiveness [F01.752.049]
Authoritarianism [F01.752.098]
Character [F01.752.190]
Creativity [F01.752.264]
Dependency (Psychology) [F01.752.330]
Empathy [F01.752.355]
Individuality [F01.752.488]
Arrow pointing to current tree nodeIntelligence [F01.752.543]
Emotional Intelligence [F01.752.543.500]  +
Leadership [F01.752.609]
Machiavellianism [F01.752.650]
Negativism [F01.752.698]
Personality Development [F01.752.747]  +
Temperament [F01.752.898]

 

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/cgi/mesh/2016/MB_cgi

 

 Access to Information
Freedom of Information Act Requests
Open Access to Information
Public Access to Information
Ambulatory Care Information Systems
Information Systems, Ambulatory Care
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act
Medicare and Medicaid Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act
Animal Nutrition Sciences
Animal Nutritional Sciences
Nutritional Sciences, Animal
Nutritional Sciences, Veterinary
Veterinary Nutrition Sciences
Veterinary Nutritional Sciences
Automatic Data Processing
Information Processing
Information Processing, Automatic
Behavioral Sciences
Biobehavioral Sciences
Biological Science Disciplines
Biologic Sciences
Biological Science
Biological Sciences
Life Sciences
Science, Biological
Sciences, Biological
Biomimetics
Biomimicry Science
Bioresonance Therapy
Bio-Physical Information Therapy
Child Nutrition Sciences
Adolescent Nutrition Sciences
Adolescent Nutritional Sciences
Child Nutritional Sciences
Infant Nutrition Sciences
Infant Nutritional Sciences
Christian Science
Clinical Laboratory Information Systems
Information Systems, Clinical Laboratory
Laboratory Information Systems
Clinical Pharmacy Information Systems
Information Systems, Clinical Pharmacy
Cognitive Science
Computer Security
Information Protection
Confidentiality
Confidential Information
Consumer Health Information
Health Information, Consumer
Data Display
Information Display
Databases, Genetic
Genetic Information Databases
Disclosure
Information Disclosure
Drug Information Services
Information Services, Drug
Services, Drug Information
Earth Sciences
Earth Science
Geoscience
Geosciences
Ecology
Environmental Science
Electronic Supplementary Materials
Supplementary Information
Supporting Information
Environmental Health
Environmental Health Science
Food Technology
Food Sciences
Forensic Sciences
Genetic Privacy
Genetic Information, Personal
Personal Genetic Information
Geographic Information Systems
Geographical Information Systems
Health Information Exchange
Medical Information Exchange
Health Information Management
Health Information Systems
Health Records, Personal
Personal Health Information
Hospital Information Systems
Information System, Hospital
Information System, Multihospital
Information Systems, Hospital
Information Systems, Multihospital
Multi-Hospital Information Systems
Multihospital Information Systems
Information Centers
Family Planning Information Centers
Information Dissemination
Information Distribution
Information Sharing
Information Literacy
Information Management
Information Science
Information Seeking Behavior
Information Services
Information Networks
Information Specialists
Services, Information
Information Storage and Retrieval
Information Extraction
Information Retrieval
Information Storage
Information Systems
Ancillary Information Systems
Emergency Care Information Systems
Information Retrieval Systems
Information Theory
Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems
Integrated Academic Information Management Systems
Laboratory Animal Science
Libraries, Medical
Libraries, Health Science
Library Science
Management Information Systems
Medical Informatics
Computer Science, Medical
Health Information Technology
Information Science, Medical
Medical Computer Science
Medical Information Science
Medical Laboratory Science
Clinical Laboratory Science
Medicine in Art
Science in Art
Medicine in Literature
Science in Literature
MEDLARS
MEDLARS-MEDLINE Information System
Mental Processes
Human Information Processing
Information Processing, Human
Military Science
Naval Science
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
National Academy of Sciences
United States National Academy of Sciences
National Health Planning Information Center (U.S.)
National Health Planning Information Center
United States National Health Planning Information Center
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (U.S.)
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (U.S.)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences
Natural Science Disciplines
Natural Sciences
Physical Sciences
Nutritional Sciences
Nutrition Science
Nutrition Sciences
Nutritional Science
Operating Room Information Systems
Information Systems, Operating Room
Patient Education Handout
Consumer Information Handout
Personally Identifiable Information
Personnel Staffing and Scheduling Information Systems
Personnel Staffing Information Systems
Personnel Staffing Scheduling Information Systems
Radiology Information Systems
Information System, Radiologic
Information System, Radiology
Information Systems, Radiologic
Information Systems, Radiology
Radiologic Information System
Radiologic Information Systems
Radiology Information System
System, Radiologic Information
System, Radiology Information
Systems, Radiologic Information
Systems, Radiology Information
X-Ray Information Systems
Xray Information Systems
Religion and Science
Resource Guides
Information Resources
Science
Silent Information Regulator Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Silent Information Regulator Proteins, S cerevisiae
Silent Mating Type Information Regulator Protein, S cerevisiae
Sirtuin 1
Silent Mating Type Information Regulation 2 Homolog 1
Sirtuin 2
Silent Mating Type Information Regulation 2 Homolog 2
Sirtuin 3
Silent Mating Type Information Regulation 2 Homolog 3
Sirtuins
Silent Mating Type Information Regulator 2-like Proteins
Social Sciences
Sports Nutritional Sciences
Exercise Nutritional Sciences
Sports Nutrition Sciences
Tocopherols
Sciencex Brand of Tocopherol Acetate
Translational Medical Research
Translational Medical Science
SIR1 protein, S cerevisiae
silence information regulator 1 protein, S cerevisiae
silent information regulator 1, S cerevisiae
silent mating type information regulator 1, S cerevisiae
SIR2 protein, S cerevisiae
silent information regulator 2, S cerevisiae
silent information regulator-2, S cerevisiae
silent mating type information regulator 2, S cerevisiae
SIR3 protein, S cerevisiae
silent information regulator 3, S cerevisiae
SIR4 protein, S cerevisiae
silent information regulator 4, S cerevisiae
SIRT1 protein, human
sirtuin (silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog) 1 (S. cerevisiae), human
Sirt1 protein, mouse
sirtuin 1 ((silent mating type information regulation 2, homolog) 1 (S. cerevisiae)) protein, mouse
Sirt1 protein, rat
silent information regulator 2, rat
sirtuin (silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog) 1 (S. cerevisiae) protein, rat
SIRT2 protein, human
sirtuin (silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog) 2 (S. cerevisiae) protein, human
Sirt2 protein, mouse
silent mating type information regulation 2 protein, mouse
silent mating type information regulation 2, homolog 2 (S. cerevisiae) protein, mouse
Sirt2 protein, rat
sirtuin 2 (silent mating type information regulation 2, homolog) 2 (S. cerevisiae), rat
SIRT3 protein, human
sirtuin (silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog) 3 (S. cerevisiae) protein, human
SIRT4 protein, mouse
sirtuin 4 (silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog) 4 protein, mouse
SIRT5 protein, human
silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 5, human
SIRT6 protein, human
sirtuin (silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog) 6 protein, human
Sirt6 protein, mouse
sirtuin 6 (silent mating type information regulation 2, homolog) 6 (S. cerevisiae) protein, mouse
SIRT7 protein, human
sirtuin (silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog) 7 (S. cerevisiae), human


 

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/cgi/mesh/2016/MB_cgi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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