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人工耳蜗获2013年度拉斯克临床医学奖 国际研究文献分析 精选

已有 16955 次阅读 2013-9-10 15:14 |个人分类:信息分析|系统分类:科研笔记|关键词:国际,拉斯| 国际, 拉斯

        人工耳蜗(Cochlear Implant)是一种电子装置,由体外言语处理器将声音转换为一定编码形式的电信号,通过植入体内的电极系统直接兴奋听神经来恢复或重建聋人的听觉功能。近年来,随着电子技术、计算机技术、语音学、电生理学、材料学、耳显微外科学的发展,人工耳蜗已经从实验研究进入临床应用。现在全世界已把人工耳蜗作为治疗重度聋至全聋的常规方法。

2013年度拉斯克奖揭晓 5名科学家获奖

http://news.sciencenet.cn/htmlnews/2013/9/282328.shtm

http://www.laskerfoundation.org/awards/currentwinners.htm

 
 

今年的拉斯克临床医学奖授予澳大利亚墨尔本大学名誉退休教授Graeme M. Clark、奥地利茵斯布鲁克MED-EL人工耳蜗公司的Ingeborg Hochmair和美国杜克大学的Blake S. Wilson。获奖理由是“现代人工耳蜗的研发——该装置为严重耳聋的人获得了听力”。

澳大利亚墨尔本大学Graeme M. Clark教授的科学贡献 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-280034-723772.html


Cochlear implant

Len Clamp of Charlotte, N.C., reacts with his son Grayson, 3, to hearing and seeing an electronic stuffed animal. Three researchers who were instrumental in developing cochlear implants that could help the profoundly deaf have received the 2013 Lasker Award for clinical research. (Sara D. Davis / Associated Press / August 23, 2013)

Lasker Award: Cochlear implant pioneers took on 'impossible' task

http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-lasker-award-cochlear-implant-pioneers-deaf-hearing-20130909,0,3343436.story

人工耳蜗国际研究文献分析

检索用词  cochlear implants【mesh】

检索时间  2013年9月10日15时

检索结果   PUBMED数据库检索到相关文献6278篇。

分析结果如下:

研究主题领域

01. electrodes, implanted     6278100.000%
02. hearing aids     6278100.000%
03. cochlear implants     6278100.000%
04. electrodes     6278100.000%
05. hearing loss     394362.807%
06. auditory perception     277044.122%
07. deafness     272343.374%
08. speech perception     182729.102%
09. hearing tests     148823.702%
10. cochlear implantation     137221.854%
11. audiometry     129720.659%
12. equipment design     109817.490%
13. cochlea     92614.750%
14. electric stimulation     83613.316%
15. auditory threshold     80912.886%
16. treatment outcome     78212.456%
17. acoustic stimulation     75712.058%
18. prosthesis design     71411.373%
19. hearing loss, sensorineural     66510.593%
20. speech     5979.509%
21. follow-up studies     5498.745%
22. evoked potentials, auditory     5468.697%
23. vestibulocochlear nerve     5378.554%
24. time factors     4887.773%
25. speech discrimination tests     4737.534%
26. age factors     4607.327%
27. hearing     4316.865%
28. retrospective studies     4036.419%
29. cochlear nerve     3856.133%
30. phonetics     3725.925%
31. postoperative complications     3645.798%
32. pitch perception     3455.495%
33. language development     3084.906%
34. temporal bone     2924.651%
35. noise     2854.540%
36. tomography, x-ray computed     2814.476%
38. questionnaires     2684.269%
40. speech intelligibility     2524.014%
41. audiometry, pure-tone     2403.823%
42. loudness perception     2163.441%
43. speech acoustics     2073.297%
44. perceptual masking     2073.297%
45. analysis of variance     2023.218%
46. cats     2023.218%
47. speech production measurement     1983.154%
48. psychoacoustics     1973.138%
49. prospective studies     1822.899%
50. hearing loss, bilateral     1772.819%

论文作者分布

01. Clark GM     1882.995%

2013年度拉斯克临床医学奖获得者,澳大利亚墨尔本大学Graeme M. Clark教授的论文最多。

请见分析结果 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-280034-723772.html

03. Tyler RS     811.290%
04. Gantz BJ     801.274%
05. Laszig R     721.147%
06. Battmer RD     701.115%
07. Shepherd RK     641.019%
08. Miyamoto RT     631.004%
09. Pfingst BE     620.988%
10. Cohen NL     610.972%
11. Dowell RC     590.940%
12. Zeng FG     560.892%
13. Fu QJ     550.876%
14. Chouard CH     550.876%
15. House WF     530.844%
16. Niparko JK     520.828%
17. Meyer B     510.812%
18. Papsin BC     510.812%
19. Waltzman SB     500.796%
20. Dorman MF     500.796%
21. Pisoni DB     470.749%
22. Shannon RV     470.749%
23. Tong YC     450.717%
24. Truy E     450.717%
25. Osberger MJ     440.701%
26. Rubinstein JT     440.701%
27. Blamey PJ     440.701%
28. Loizou PC     440.701%
29. Balkany TJ     440.701%
30. Abbas PJ     420.669%
31. Gordon KA     410.653%
32. Kirk KI     410.653%
33. Frijns JH     410.653%
34. Baumgartner WD     400.637%
35. Wouters J     400.637%
36. Dillier N     390.621%
37. Roland JT     370.589%
38. Skinner MW     360.573%
39. Eisenberg LS     360.573%
40. Gstoettner W     350.558%
41. Svirsky MA     350.558%
42. Aschendorff A     340.542%
43. Fraysse B     340.542%
44. Pelizzone M     330.526%
45. O'Donoghue GM     330.526%
46. Fugain C     320.510%
47. Zwolan TA     320.510%
48. Miller JM     320.510%
49. Brown CJ     320.510%
50. Busby PA     310.494%

研究机构分布

01. university hospital     1983.154%
02. university of melbourne     1943.090%
03. university of iowa     1903.026%
04. house ear institute     1151.832%
05. university of michigan     1061.688%
06. indiana university     1061.688%
07. medical school     1021.625%
08. university of california     921.465%
12. the university of melbourne     550.876%
13. university of texas at dallas     520.828%
15. university of washington     410.653%
17. university of toronto     390.621%
18. medical university of hannover     390.621%
19. arizona state university     380.605%
20. the hospital for sick children     360.573%
22. cochlear implant center     340.542%
24. bionic ear institute     310.494%
25. university of southampton     290.462%
26. tel aviv university     290.462%
27. university of minnesota     280.446%
28. university college london     260.414%
31. manchester royal infirmary     250.398%
32. central institute for the deaf     250.398%
33. mayo clinic     250.398%
36. university hospital nijmegen     210.335%
39. advanced bionics corporation     200.319%
40. university of vienna     200.319%
41. medical college of wisconsin     190.303%
42. university of innsbruck     190.303%
44. frankfurt am main     190.303%
45. purdue university     180.287%
46. otsu red cross hospital     170.271%
48. cantonal university hospital     170.271%
49. ear and throat hospital     140.223%
50. baylor college of medicine     140.223%

文献的期刊分布

01. Otol Neurotol     3595.718%
02. J Acoust Soc Am     3495.559%
03. Ear Hear     3305.256%
04. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Suppl     3114.954%
05. Adv Otorhinolaryngol     2624.173%
06. Hear Res     2433.871%
07. Laryngoscope     2263.600%
08. Cochlear Implants Int     2113.361%
09. Acta Otolaryngol     2063.281%
10. Am J Otol     1933.074%
11. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol     1762.803%
12. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     1482.357%
13. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol     1241.975%
14. HNO     1111.768%
15. Int J Audiol     1091.736%
16. J Laryngol Otol     971.545%
17. Audiol Neurootol     861.370%
18. J Am Acad Audiol     821.306%
19. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     801.274%
20. Laryngorhinootologie     721.147%
21. Acta Otolaryngol Suppl     711.131%
22. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol     661.051%
23. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng     631.004%
24. J Speech Lang Hear Res     580.924%
26. Otolaryngol Clin North Am     560.892%
27. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol     500.796%
28. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord)     470.749%
29. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac     460.733%
30. J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ     460.733%
31. Ann N Y Acad Sci     400.637%
32. Otolaryngol Pol     400.637%
33. Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho     390.621%
34. Vestn Otorinolaringol     370.589%
35. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     370.589%
36. Br J Audiol     350.558%
38. Am Ann Deaf     320.510%
39. J Otolaryngol     320.510%
41. J Speech Hear Res     300.478%
42. Ear Nose Throat J     290.462%
43. Trends Amplif     280.446%
44. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg     270.430%
45. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp     270.430%
46. Audiology     270.430%
48. Scand Audiol Suppl     170.271%
49. J Neurosci Methods     170.271%
50. Ugeskr Laeger     170.271%

文献的国家地区分布

01. 美国     194530.981%
02. 德国     5138.171%
03. 英国     3886.180%
04. 澳大利亚     3765.989%
05. 法国     2333.711%
06. 日本     1682.676%
07. 加拿大     1622.580%
08. 中国大陆     1422.262%
09. 荷兰     1402.230%
10. 意大利     1091.736%
11. 瑞士     1051.673%
12. 奥地利     1021.625%
13. 比利时     971.545%
14. 韩国     600.956%
15. 西班牙     590.940%
16. 以色列     560.892%
17. 中国台湾     430.685%
18. 瑞典     410.653%
19. 巴西     380.605%
20. 中国香港     310.494%
21. 波兰     290.462%
22. 土耳其     260.414%
23. 芬兰     250.398%
24. 挪威     200.319%
25. 丹麦     180.287%
26. 伊朗     150.239%
27. 希腊     140.223%
28. 南非     130.207%
29. 匈牙利     120.191%
30. 新西兰     110.175%
31. 克罗地亚     90.143%
32. 俄罗斯     80.127%
33. 阿根廷     70.112%
34. 墨西哥     70.112%
35. 沙特阿拉伯     70.112%
36. 印度     50.080%
37. 泰国     50.080%
38. 葡萄牙     50.080%
39. 马来西亚     40.064%
40. 哥伦比亚     30.048%
41. 斯洛伐克     20.032%
42. 约旦     10.016%
43. 爱尔兰     10.016%

文献的年代分布

01. 2010     4897.789%
02. 2011     4487.136%
03. 2012     4296.833%
04. 2009     4106.531%
05. 2008     3685.862%
06. 1995     3455.495%
07. 2007     3305.256%
08. 2004     2634.189%
09. 2006     2604.141%
10. 1997     2574.094%
11. 2005     2413.839%
12. 2000     2263.600%
13. 1993     1772.819%
14. 2003     1672.660%
15. 1991     1592.533%
16. 2002     1582.517%
17. 1996     1512.405%
18. 1994     1492.373%
19. 1990     1332.119%
20. 1999     1332.119%
21. 1989     1191.896%
22. 1986     1151.832%
23. 1992     1141.816%
24. 1987     1081.720%
25. 2001     981.561%
26. 1988     971.545%
27. 1983     971.545%
28. 1984     891.418%
29. 1985     881.402%
30. 1998     761.211%
31. 1982     530.844%
32. 1981     470.749%
33. 1980     340.542%
34. 1979     170.271%
35. 1978     30.048%

数据来源 http://www.pubmedplus.cn/Pubmed/Statistic



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