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一体化医学语言系统(UMLS)

已有 7238 次阅读 2010-11-23 08:20 |个人分类:知识组织|系统分类:论文交流| 一体化医学语言系统, UMLS, 统一医学语言系统, 本体语言

   一体化医学语言系统(Unified Medical Language System; UMLS)http://www.nlm.nih.gov/research/umls/ )

       UMLS( Unified Medical Language System)是美国国立医学图书馆(NLM)自1986年起研究和开发的一体化医学语言系统。

  UMLS是计算机化的情报检索语言集成系统,它不仅是语言翻译、自然语言处理及语言规范化的工具,而且是实现跨数据库检索的词汇转换系统,它可以帮助用户在联接情报源,包括计算机化的病案记录、书目数据库、事实数据库以及专家系统的过程中对其中的电子式生物医学情报作一体化检索。

  UMLS包括四个部分:超级叙词表(Metathesaurus)、语义网络(Semantic Network)、情报源图谱(Information Sources Map)和专家词典(SPECIALIST Lexicon)。其中超级叙词表是生物医学概念、术语、词汇及其涵义、等级范畴的广泛集成。语义网络则是为建立概念术语间相互错综复杂关系而设计的,是为超级叙词表中的所有概念提供语义类型及相互关系结构的工具。

  UMLS的语义网络不仅运用了常规的语义控制手段,如语义等级、属分、相关关系控制,而且在语义规范和语义关系分析、延伸等多方面有许多创新。

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/cgi/mesh/2011/MB_cgi

National Library of Medicine - Medical Subject Headings2011 MeSHMeSH Descriptor Data
Return to Entry Page


Standard View. Go to Concept View; Go to Expanded Concept View

 

MeSH HeadingUnified Medical Language System
Tree NumberL01.453.245.945.800
AnnotationCATALOG: use NAF entry
Scope NoteA research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
Entry TermMetathesaurus
Entry TermUMLS
See AlsoSubject Headings
See AlsoTerminology as Topic
Allowable QualifiersCL EC ES HI IS LJ MA OG SD SN ST TD UT
History Note92
Date of Entry19920327
Unique IDD017432


 

 

MeSH Tree Structures

 

Information Science [L01]
  Information Services [L01.453]
     Documentation [L01.453.245]
        Vocabulary, Controlled [L01.453.245.945]
Current Procedural Terminology [L01.453.245.945.160]
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [L01.453.245.945.200]
Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System [L01.453.245.945.380]
International Classification of Diseases [L01.453.245.945.400]
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes [L01.453.245.945.500]
Subject Headings [L01.453.245.945.700]  +
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine [L01.453.245.945.720]
Unified Medical Language System [L01.453.245.945.800]

 

http://www.gopubmed.org/web/gopubmed/1?WEB1mOWEB10O00d000j10020001000h00100090000

UMLS and ontology

109 documents semantically analyzed

 
Top Years
Publications
 
2006
 
15
2009
 
13
2008
 
13
2007
 
13
2003
 
13
2004
 
7
2005
 
7
2010
 
5
2001
 
5
2000
 
5
2002
 
3
1998
 
3
1995
 
2
1999
 
1
1997
 
1
1994
 
1
1993
 
1
1992
 
1
 
Top Countries
Publications
 
USA
 
57
France
 
12
Germany
 
9
United Kingdom
 
7
China
 
3
Spain
 
3
Italy
 
3
Sweden
 
2
Greece
 
2
Canada
 
2
Netherlands
 
1
Australia
 
1
Japan
 
1
Croatia
 
1
New Zealand
 
1
South Korea
 
1
Brazil
 
1
Denmark
 
1
 
1 2 3 
Top Cities
Publications
 
Bethesda
 
9
New York City
 
7
Stanford
 
5
Freiburg
 
5
Rennes
 
5
Pittsburgh
 
5
Seattle
 
4
Cambridge
 
3
Houston
 
3
Beijing, China
 
2
Boston
 
2
Thessaloniki
 
2
Kansas City
 
2
Pavia
 
2
Manchester, United Kingdom
 
2
Paris
 
2
Cincinnati
 
1
Wageningen
 
1
Miami
 
1
Sydney
 
1
1 2 3 
 
1 2 
Top Journals
Publications
 
Amia Annu Symp Proc
 
16
Stud Health Technol Inform
 
15
Proc Amia Symp
 
10
J Biomed Inform
 
7
Bmc Bioinformatics
 
6
Pac Symp Biocomput
 
5
Method Inform Med
 
5
Bioinformatics
 
3
Proc Annu Symp Comput Appl Med Care
 
3
Nucleic Acids Res
 
2
Yearb Med Inform
 
2
Comp Funct Genomics
 
2
Conf Proc Ieee Eng Med Biol Soc
 
2
Comput Biol Med
 
2
Artif Intell Med
 
2
J Am Med Inform Assn
 
2
Bmc Med Inform Decis Mak
 
1
Adv Exp Med Biol
 
1
J Biomed Semantics
 
1
J Integr Bioinform
 
1
1 2 
 
1 2 3 ...16 
Top Terms
Publications
 
Language
 
58
Humans
 
57
Knowledge
 
54
Medication Systems
 
42
Evaluation Studies as Topic
 
28
Genes
 
26
Computational Biology
 
25
Gene Ontology 
 
22
Algorithms
 
20
Medicine
 
14
Anatomy
 
14
Anatomy
 
14
Nature
 
13
Database Management Systems
 
12
Foundations
 
11
mannosyl-oligosaccharide 1,2-alpha-mannosidase activity
 
11
Systems Integration
 
11
Genomics
 
10
Animals
 
10
Genome
 
9
1 2 3 ...16 
 
1 2 3 ...18 
Top Authors
Publications
 
Burgun A
 
6
Bodenreider O
 
6
Schulz S
 
5
McCray A
 
4
Lussier Y
 
4
Rosse C
 
4
Marquet G
 
3
Cantor M
 
3
Mejino J
 
3
Brinkley J
 
3
Fieschi M
 
3
Shah N
 
2
Maglaveras N
 
2
Bratsas C
 
2
Koutkias V
 
2
Kaimakamis E
 
2
Bamidis P
 
2
Mosser J
 
2
Cimino J
 
2
Ceusters W
 
2
1 2 3 ...18 

 

 

 

 

 



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