力学不倦分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/Mech 读万卷书,参非常道,书在手中,道在心中;行万里路,勘寻常物,路在脚下,物在眼下。https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Li-Qun_Chen

博文

读希腊神话之伊瑞克提翁

已有 3222 次阅读 2017-1-31 10:22 |个人分类:休闲阅读|系统分类:人文社科|关键词:希腊神话,伊瑞克提翁,厄里克托尼俄斯,雅典娜,读书札记| 希腊神话, 雅典娜, 读书札记, 伊瑞克提翁, 厄里克托尼俄斯

雅典卫城有伊瑞克提翁神庙。这位伊瑞克提翁何德何能,居然与雅典娜相提并论,虽然帕特农神庙比小许多。

伊瑞克提翁(Erechtheus)是荷马史诗《伊里亚特》第二章联军聚集时中提到的雅典保护者(大陆有影印版的R Fitzgerald英译本33)

              Next were the men of Athens, that strong city

              The commonwealth protected byErechtheus

              He it was whom Athena, Zeus’s daughter

              cared for in childhood in the olden time-

              through, he was born of plough land kind with grain.

简言之,伊瑞克提翁与谷物一起由耕地所生,由雅典娜养大。

仔细想想这多少有些费解,处女雅典娜为什么要带孩子。后来(公元一或二世纪)的神话汇编The Library of GreekMythology在某种程度上圆了这个故事。某种程度,因为不再是伊瑞克提翁,而是厄里克托尼俄斯(Erichthonius)。据说早期神话中,两者不分。汇编中的故事,厄里克托尼俄斯为赫淮斯托斯和雅典娜的儿子。

Athene visited Hephaistos, wanting to fashion some arms. But Hephaistos, who had been deserted by Aphrodite, yielded to his desire for Athene and began to chase after her, while the goddess for her part tried to escape. When he caught up with her at the expense of much effort (for he was lame), he tried to make love with her. But she,being chaste and a virgin, would not permit it, and he ejaculated over the goddess’s leg. In disgust, she wiped the semen away with piece of wool and threw it to the ground. As she was fleeing, Erichthonios came to birth from the seed that had fallen on the earth.

简言之,火神赫淮斯托斯试图强暴雅典娜,但精液掉在女神腿上。女神用羊毛擦了扔在地上,生了厄里克托尼俄斯。

这个神话汇编中的故事虽然用希腊神话的名称,但明显有罗马神话的影响。希腊神话中,雅典娜的战力远高于赫淮斯托斯,根本不需要逃。而爱神阿佛洛狄忒虽然与他人偷情,也未必敢公开抛弃赫淮斯托斯。但在罗马神话背景下,密涅瓦仍然是贞节处女,但似乎不以战力见长。爱神维纳斯同时也是女战神,抛弃火神丈夫伏尔甘也无所谓。

在公元前四世纪的古典时代,厄里克托尼俄斯是伊瑞克提翁的爷爷。厄里克托尼俄斯是雅典王,与另外的国家交战,通过向神献祭自己的女儿,他杀了对方的国王,海神波塞冬的儿子。后来被海神所杀,因此成为波塞冬·厄瑞克透斯,又成了波塞冬-伊瑞克提翁(Poseidon Erechtheus)。这大概也是两者混为一谈的一种原因。




http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-220220-1030627.html

上一篇:雅典学院前的雕塑
下一篇:武夷山之初入景区

2 武夷山 陈楷翰

该博文允许注册用户评论 请点击登录 评论 (2 个评论)

数据加载中...
扫一扫,分享此博文

Archiver|手机版|科学网 ( 京ICP备14006957 )

GMT+8, 2019-11-17 17:42

Powered by ScienceNet.cn

Copyright © 2007- 中国科学报社

返回顶部