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2021年引文桂冠奖揭晓

已有 1918 次阅读 2021-9-23 20:25 |个人分类:新观察|系统分类:博客资讯

2021年引文桂冠奖揭晓

诸平

据科睿维安官网(Clarivate2021922日报道,2021年引文桂冠奖按照诺贝尔奖的分类分别是生理学或医学奖(Citation Laureates 2021/Physiology or Medicine)获奖者5人,有一位是兼有美国和法国单位任职,因此美国2位、日本2位、韩国1位、法国1位。化学奖(Citation Laureates 2021/Chemistry)获奖者3人,新加坡1位、美国1位、日本1位。物理学奖(Citation Laureates 2021/Physics)获奖者3人,美国2位、意大利1位。经济学奖(Citation Laureates 2021/ Economics)获奖者5人,全部来自美国。

1 生理学或医学奖(Citation Laureates 2021/Physiology or Medicine)获奖者

获奖者5人,有一位是兼有美国和法国单位任职,因此美国2位、日本2位、韩国1位、法国1位。详见下表

获奖者

Jean-Pierre Changeux

任职单位

Professor Emeritus, Collège de France & Institut Pasteur, Paris; International Faculty, Kavli Institute for Brain & Mind, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA

France | United States

获奖原因

For contributions to our understanding of neuroreceptors and especially   the identification of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and its allosteric   properties



获奖者

Toshio Hirano

任职单位

President, National Institutes for   Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Chiba and Professor   Emeritus, Osaka University, Osaka

Japan

获奖者

Tadamitsu Kishimoto

任职单位

Professor, Laboratory of Immune   Regulation, WPI Immunology Frontier Research Center, Osaka University, Osaka

Japan

获奖原因

For discovery of Interleukin-6,   description of its physiological and pathological actions, that has   contributed to drug development



获奖者

Karl M. Johnson

任职单位

Formerly with Center for Disease Control   and Prevention; Adjunct Professor Emeritus, University of New Mexico, NM

United States

获奖者

Ho Wang Lee

任职单位

Professor Emeritus, Korea University,   Seoul; Former President & Member, The National Academy of Sciences, Seoul

South Korea

获奖原因

For identification and isolation of the   Hantaan virus (hantavirus), agent of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome

2 化学奖(Citation Laureates 2021/Chemistry)获奖者

获奖者3人,新加坡1位、美国1位、日本1位。详见下表

获奖者

Barry Halliwell

任职单位

Senior Advisor (Academic Appointments and   Research Excellence), Office of the Senior Deputy President and Provost,   National University of Singapore (NUS); Chair of the Biomedical Advisory   Council, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR); Distinguished   Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, NUS

Singapore

获奖原因

For pioneering research in free-radical   chemistry including the role of free radicals and antioxidants in human   disease



获奖者

William L. Jorgensen

任职单位

Sterling Professor of Chemistry,   Department of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT

United States

获奖原因

For methods and studies in the   computational chemistry of organic and biomolecular systems in solution,   contributing to rational drug design and synthesis



获奖者

Mitsuo Sawamoto

任职单位

Professor, Frontier Research Institute,   Chubu University, Kasugai, Aichi; Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University, Kyoto

Japan

获奖原因

For discovery and development of metal-catalyzed   living radical polymerization

3 物理学奖(Citation Laureates 2021/Physics)获奖者

获奖者3人,美国2位、意大利1位。详见下表

获奖者

Alexei Y. Kitaev

任职单位

Ronald and Maxine Linde Professor of   Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, California Institute of Technology and   Institute of Quantum Information and Matter, Pasadena, CA

United States

获奖原因

For topological quantum computation, in   which quantum information is encoded and protected using topological   properties of many-body systems



获奖者

Mark E. J. Newman

任职单位

Anatol Rapoport Distinguished University   Professor of Physics, Department of Physics and Center for the Study of   Complex Systems, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

United States

获奖原因

For wide-ranging research on network   systems including work on community structure and random graph models



获奖者

Giorgio Parisi

任职单位

Emeritus Professor of Theoretical   Physics, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome

Italy

获奖原因

For ground-breaking discoveries in   quantum-chromodynamics and in the study of complex disordered systems

4 经济学奖(Citation Laureates 2021/ Economics)获奖者

获奖者5人,美国5位。详见下表

获奖者

David B. Audretsch

任职单位

Distinguished Professor, Ameritech Chair   of Economic Development, and Director, Institute for Development Strategies,   O’Neill School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University,   Bloomington, IN

United States

获奖者

David J. Teece

任职单位

Director, Tusher Initiative for the   Management of Intellectual Capital, Professor of Business Administration,   Institute for Business Innovation, Haas School of Business, University of   California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA

United States

获奖原因

For pioneering research on   entrepreneurship, innovation, and competition



获奖者

Joel Mokyr

任职单位

Robert H. Strotz Professor of Arts and   Sciences and Professor of Economics and History, Northwestern University,   Evanston, IL

United States

获奖原因

For studies of the history and culture of   technological progress and its economic consequences



获奖者

Carmen M. Reinhart

任职单位

Minos A. Zombanakis Professor of the   International Financial System, Harvard Kennedy School, Cambridge, MA

United States

获奖者

Kenneth S. Rogoff

任职单位

Professor of Economics and Thomas D.   Cabot Professor of Public Policy, Department of Economics, Harvard   University, Cambridge, MA

United States

获奖原因

For contributions to international   macroeconomics and insights on global debt and financial crises




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