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科学奇闻:一项研究能发表33篇论文

已有 1696 次阅读 2018-3-6 00:22 |个人分类:新观察|系统分类:海外观察| 被引频次, 香肠论文, 论文发表

科学奇闻:一项研究发33篇论文 

诸平

我们经常听到有些人为了充数,将一项研究结果分成若干个小问题分别发表,但充其量也就是3-4篇而已。这种论文发表方式被称之为“萨拉米出版(Salami publication)”或者“香肠论文(salami slicing)”而据《发现者》(Discover杂志网站2018年3月3日报道,《伊朗医学档案》(Archives of Iranian Medicine)将一项伊朗人心理健康方面的研究结果分成33篇论文分别发表,其目的可能与试图提高引用频次有关,而且作者之一是该杂志的副主编,在所有论文的致谢中都提到该杂志主编,看来如此切香肠式多篇发表主编和副主编知晓或者直接参与其中。另外,33篇论文中有31篇是同一天发表的。更多信息请浏览原文:

Scientific Salami Slicing: 33 Papers from 1 Study

    By Neuroskeptic | March 3, 2018 5:49 am 

    

Salami slicing” refers to the practice of breaking scientific studies down into small chunks and publishing each part as a seperate paper.

sliced_science

Given that scientists are judged in large part by the number of peer-reviewed papers they produce, it’s easy to understand the temptation to engage in salami publication. It’s officialy discouraged, but it’s still very common to see researchers writing perhaps 3 or 4 papers based on a single project that could, realistically, have been one big paper.

But I’ve just come across a salami that’s been sliced up so thinly that it’s just absurd. The journal Archives of Iranian Medicine just published a set of 33 papers about one study. Here they are – this is a rather silly image, but it’s a silly situation:

  • Search results, Items: 33

Select item 294811471.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Zanjan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Armani Kian A, Nasr S.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S127-S130.

  • PMID:

  • 29481147

Select item 294811462.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Yazd, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Yasini Ardekani SM, Farahzadi MH, Zare F.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S123-S126.

  • PMID:

  • 29481146

Select item 294811453.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of West Azarbaijan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Sedighnia A, Karimi H.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S119-S122.

  • PMID:

  • 29481145

Select item 294811444.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Tehran, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Abbasinejad M, Zarkesh A, Amirloo F, Ghafarzadeh M.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S115-S118.

  • PMID:

  • 29481144

Select item 294811435.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of South Khorasan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Akbari A, Kazemi B.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S111-S114.

  • PMID:

  • 29481143

Select item 294811426.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Sistan and Bluchestan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Shakiba M, Sargazi F, Shahriari S.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S107-S110.

  • PMID:

  • 29481142

Select item 294811417.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Semnan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Mozhdehi Fard M, Haghighat S, Mohammadi Rad A.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S103-S106.

  • PMID:

  • 29481141

Select item 294811408.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Razavi Khorasan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Ghazizadeh Hashemi F, Okhravi N.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S99-S102.

  • PMID:

  • 29481140

Select item 294811399.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Qom, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Noroozinejad G, Bagheri M.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S95-S98.

  • PMID:

  • 29481139

Select item 2948113810.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Qazvin, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Jafarinia M, Mohammadizadeh L.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S91-S94.

  • PMID:

  • 29481138

Select item 2948113711.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of North Khorasan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Akbari A, Yousefnejad Z.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S87-S90.

  • PMID:

  • 29481137

Select item 2948113612.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Mazandaran, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Shakiba A, Hashem Zehi MR.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S83-S86.

  • PMID:

  • 29481136

Select item 2948113513.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Markazi, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Mozhdehi Fard M, Ghasemzadeh M, Zari Moghaddam Z.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S79-S82.

  • PMID:

  • 29481135

Select item 2948113414.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Lorestan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Rahimnia M, Mansouri F.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S75-S78.

  • PMID:

  • 29481134

Select item 2948113315.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Kordestan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Rezaei F, Vafaei F.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S71-S74.

  • PMID:

  • 29481133

Select item 2948113216.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Kohghilouyeh and Bouyerahmad, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Hormozpour M, Aranpour H.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S67-S70.

  • PMID:

  • 29481132

Select item 2948113117.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Khouzestan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Noroozinejad GH, DavasazTehrani R.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S63-S66.

  • PMID:

  • 29481131

Select item 2948113018.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Kermanshah, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Nejatisafa AA, Haghighian RM.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S59-S62.

  • PMID:

  • 29481130

Select item 2948112919.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Kerman, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Divsalar P, Kaviani N, Sarhadi Z, Bashar A.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S55-S58.

  • PMID:

  • 29481129

Select item 2948112820.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Isfahan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Sharafi SE, Geramian N.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S51-S54.

  • PMID:

  • 29481128

Select item 2948112721.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Ilam, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Yahyavi ST, Baluchi S.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S47-S50.

  • PMID:

  • 29481127

Select item 2948112622.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Hormozgan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Yasini Ardekani SM, Golamzadeh T.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S43-S46.

  • PMID:

  • 29481126

Select item 2948112523.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Hamadan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Abbasi Nejad M, Solgi A.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S39-S42.

  • PMID:

  • 29481125

Select item 2948112424.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Golestan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Shakiba A, Hashemi Nasab SM.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S35-S38.

  • PMID:

  • 29481124

Select item 2948112325.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Gilan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Shakiba A, Baftahchi S, Skandari B.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S31-S34.

  • PMID:

  • 29481123

Select item 2948112226.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Fars, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Hedayati A, Rezaei F, Sahraeian L.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S27-S30.

  • PMID:

  • 29481122

Select item 2948112127.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of East Azarbaijan, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Sedighnia A, Asle Rahimi V.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S23-S26.

  • PMID:

  • 29481121

Select item 2948112028.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Shahmansouri N, Shakeri M.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S19-S22.

  • PMID:

  • 29481120

Select item 2948111929.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Bushehr, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Hedayati A, Akbari Zadeh F.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S15-S18.

  • PMID:

  • 29481119

Select item 2948111830.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Ardebil, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Sedighnia A, Azimi A.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S11-S14.

  • PMID:

  • 29481118

Select item 2948111731.

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Alborz, Iran.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Ghazizadeh Hashemi F, Asadi A, Niknejad M.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S7-S10.

  • PMID:

  • 29481117

Select item 2948111632.

Trends of Mental Health Status in Iranian Population Aged 15 and above between 1999 and 2015.

Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Esalatmanesh S, Bagheri Yazdi H, Abbasinejad M, Asadi A.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Nov 1;20(11 Suppl. 1):S2-S6.

  • PMID:

  • 29481116

Select item 2828780533.

Mental Health Survey of the Iranian Adult Population in 2015.

Noorbala AA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Hajebi A, Mousavi MT, Akhondzadeh S, Faghihzadeh E, Nouri B.

Arch Iran Med. 2017 Mar;20(3):128-134. doi: 0172003/AIM.003.

  • PMID:

  • 28287805

Free Article


Yes, a single survey of the mental health of the Iranian population has been published 33 times. 31 of these papers (all published on the same day) are devoted to the Iranian provinces – there are 31 provinces of Iran, and each province got its own paper listing the results from that area. The author lists are more or less identical every time.

This degree of slicing is not standard practice when publishing national epidemiological statistics, for obvious reasons. For one thing, it will make it difficult for readers to compare rates of disease across different provinces. They’d need to consult all 31 papers. Then they would need 31 citations to refer to all of those papers if they publish the comparison. It’s just not practical.

Writing the 31 provincal papers would also have been a huge amount of work for the authors, although they seem to have cut some corners here, because the papers contain a lot of overlapping text. I guess however you slice a sausage, all the pieces contain the same meat. Here’s a sample of the overlap:

overlap

As well as the 31 province papers, there are 2 other Archives of Iranian Medicine papers that sum up the whole mental health survey (1, 2). One or two summary papers like this are what you’d expect to see from a study of this kind. The provincal data would usually be included in these papers as a supplementary material.

Oh, and one of the summary papers has already been cited 34 times – guess where 33 of those citations come from?

So why did Archives of Iranian Medicine allow this? On Twitter, it was spotted that one of the authors is an associate editor at the journal, which may be relevant. The Editor-in-Chief of Archives of Iranian Medicine is not listed as an author, but he is thanked in all of the papers for his “comprehensive support” of the project.

Overall, this is the worst case of salami slicing – or sosis slicing – I’ve ever seen.



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