荣斋居士的个人博客分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/dalianwang

博文

problem, question, issue, matter区别

已有 623 次阅读 2019-6-13 04:21 |个人分类:英语学习|系统分类:教学心得| 近义词辨析

The meanings of "problem", "trouble", and "issue"

The word "problem" is connected with the word "solution". A problem is something negative that needs to be solved. Some bad things that happen can't be called "problems" because they're unsolvable. For example, if you broke your leg, you probably wouldn't call your broken leg a "problem". The broken leg can't be fixed. On the other hand, figuring out how to get to work with a broken leg is a problem.

"Trouble" is less connected to solutions. It's more connected to negative feelings that you get when bad things happen. 

"Issue" is associated with difficult decisions and disagreements. We use "issue" in a similar way to "problem" or "trouble", but it also has another meaning. It can mean a topic that people are talking about or disagreeing on. Social issues and political issues are examples of this kind of "issue".

Using the word "problem"

"Problem" is used more than "trouble" or "issue". A "problem" is something bad that you have to deal with. 

You "have" problems.

Sorry, I have a problem with my phone. 

Or you say that there "are" problems "with" things:

There's a problem with the Internet connection.

Is there a problem with it?

"Problems" belong to people, so you can say that something is "your problem", "their problem", etc.:

That's not my problem.

Ask "What's your problem?" when you're angry with someone.

We also use the word "problem" to talk about questions in math textbooks and tests.

Using the word "trouble"

You can "be in trouble" or "get in trouble":

I used to get in trouble as a teenager for sneaking out of the house at night

You shouldn't use articles ("a" or "the") with "trouble". But you can say "some trouble":

I've had similar trouble with this car before.

Things can "cause trouble":

I'm so sorry to cause so much trouble for you guys.

You can substitute "problems" or "issues" instead of "trouble" (though they're not as common). Notice that "problems" and "issues" are countable, but "trouble" is usually uncountable.

You can say that a person "is trouble", which means that they're dangrous or they cause trouble for other people:

That boy is trouble.

You can use "trouble" with a gerund ("have trouble __ing"):

If you have trouble seeing it, feel free to move closer.

But I still have trouble expressing myself.

"Problems" can fit into this pattern too, but it's much less common.

Say "It's no trouble" when you're politely offering to help someone.

A: I can drive Jared to school

B: Really? Are you sure?

A: Yeah, it's no trouble.

Using the word "issue"

"Issue" is softer-sounding than "problem". You can use the word "issue" to talk about problems at work:

This issue keeps coming up again and again.

I just spoke with Karen. I think we might have an issue. 

If there are any issues that require immediate attention, I can be reached on my mobile at 646-469-XXXX.

If you say that a person "has issues", it means that they are mentally or emotionally unhealty. They may need a psychiatrist's help. 

You have serious issues.

"Problems" can work in this phrase too, but it's not as common.

To say that you don't like something or disagree with it, use the phrase "have an issue with ___":

I don't have an issue with you talking to other guys. What I do have an issue with is you flirting with them.

"Problem" can work in this way too.

When discussing a problem, you can say "the issue is ___" to talk about what the most important part of the problem is.

The issue is the cost.

You can use "problem" the same way, but not "trouble":

The problem is the cost.

problem, question, issue, matter这些名词均含“问题”之意。

problem: 指客观上存在的、难以处理或难以理解的问题。question: 通常指用口头或书面提出来要求回答或有待讨论解决的问题。issue: 多指意见能达到一致的问题,但要通过争论或讨论解决。matter: 含义不很具体,暗示人们考虑和关心的事和话题。

question: 一般比较口语, 就是人们生活中 口头或书面提出来的要求对方 回答 解疑 解释的问题
比如: 你什么时候吃饭, 你去不去某个地方

problem: 指实际生活中遇到的具体困难, 如今天下大雨, 怎么出去买菜? 现在没有车, 怎么去乡下?

issue: 则通常指口头上的, 大家吹牛的, 争论/讨论的话题, 如: 道德问题、收费问题、 腐败问题等等..
this is an moral issue.
they have published a lot of new books on international issues. (国际问题)

matter: 则没有具体含义,暗指大家都关心的事情.

====================================================
四个词都是指的问题.但侧重点和轻重程度不同.
problem 指一般的问题。像故障、困难等;
question 对应answer,一般是文语,或者表示别人的问话;
matter 一般用于what's the matter?这个句型中,东西坏了或故障了一般不说there is some matter with sth.
issue 是比较大的词,用于正式场合。像会谈的主题、核问题等等。属于外交辞令。




http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-2089193-1184669.html

上一篇:[转载]基于手机建立具有强大AI功能微神经网络的新方法
下一篇:[转载]美国贫富差距的现状

0

该博文允许注册用户评论 请点击登录 评论 (0 个评论)

数据加载中...

Archiver|手机版|科学网 ( 京ICP备14006957 )

GMT+8, 2019-7-23 13:20

Powered by ScienceNet.cn

Copyright © 2007- 中国科学报社

返回顶部