何毓琦的个人博客分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/何毓琦 哈佛(1961-2001) 清华(2001-date)

博文

Key US Science and Engineering Indicators 2008 精选

已有 4703 次阅读 2008-4-7 05:19 |系统分类:科研笔记

(For new reader and those who request 好友请求, please read my 公告栏 first).

Key US Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

The National Science Foundation of the US in their report NSB -08-2 (issued by the National Science Board) highlighted many key science and engineering indicators for 2008 which are divided into three categories

a.      S&E spending

·         US R&D investment totaled 340 billion (measured in 2006) which are more than any other nation and more than all other G7 countries combined

·         The US allocates a larger share of its higher education R&D investment to the natural sciences that most other OECD countries (i.e. mostly European countries)

·         The federal government funds the majority of basic research while industry funds majority of development

·         Universities perform the majority of basic research while industry perform the majority of applied R&D

·         More than half of all US federal R&D investment is spent in support of defense (note this include the support of basic research by the Department of Defense (DoD))

·         The National Institute of Health accounts for most federal support for research in the life sciences while the DoD accounts for much of research investment in engineering

b.      S&E degree production and work force development

·         Since 1960 the US S&E workforce has grown faster than the full work force

·         The number of degrees awarded in S&E by US colleges and universities continues to grow although there are evidence of recent declines in computer science at the BS and MS degree levels

·         Interest in computer science major among S&E freshman has decline in recent years

 

c.       Knowledge output

·         Between 2000 and 2005, US S&E articles increased at an average rate of 1.3% per year. US authors accounts for 29% of the world total

·         US leads in filing triadic patents (filing in all three major patent offices). Followed by Japan, Germany, France and UK

·         US patent citation to S&E articles rose rapidly through the late 1990s with the largest increase seen in citations to academic articles in the biomedical fields.

More details, figures, and most importantly, analyses can be found at www.nsf.gov/statistics/digest08



http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-1565-20784.html

上一篇:What is Mathematical Game Theory (#2)
下一篇:What is Mathematical Game Theory (#3)

0

该博文允许注册用户评论 请点击登录 评论 (5 个评论)

数据加载中...
扫一扫,分享此博文

Archiver|手机版|科学网 ( 京ICP备07017567号-12 )

GMT+8, 2021-4-19 12:30

Powered by ScienceNet.cn

Copyright © 2007- 中国科学报社

返回顶部