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美国登月还能有假?

已有 4302 次阅读 2007-10-20 15:11 |个人分类:生活点滴|系统分类:海外观察

今天中午看中央台播出的节目,揭秘美国登月背后的争论(上集),感觉挺有意思,主要吸引我的是第一次听说美国阿波罗登月居然有人怀疑有假。而且怀疑的人还是美国人。
看完后我的第一感觉是想不到,我这么多年从来不知道还有这么回事。真想不到啊。第二感觉是怀疑者真厉害,什么都去怀疑。美国911事件发生后,也有人怀疑这次事件是美国政府策划的一个骗局,呵呵,胆子可不小啊。
我上网差了一下,原来关于美国阿波罗登月的质疑已经存在了几十年,从一开始就有人怀疑。我感觉自己太孤陋寡闻了。我感慨啊,为什么我一直不知道这件事情背后存在的争论呢?原来是没有人告诉我,现在有了互联网,至少让我知道有这么个事情。
Bill Kaysing先生是主要的怀疑者,并且著书立作,不知道是真的怀疑还是为了赚钱。不过在我看来也确实可爱也很可敬,他们这些怀疑者提出的问题有理有据,举例如下:

支持“登月骗局”论据

    1.航天员放手后,国旗杆仍摆动多时。

    2.在太阳神17号电视传送画面中,两个航天员同时入镜,但两个影子长短不一,且向着不同方向,证明现场有不同光源。

    3.太阳神16号航天员John Young站在月球上向国旗敬礼时,背景中竟拍摄不到星星,而他亦没有影子。

    4.照片中近景一块石头上面似乎有一个C字,分明是电影道具。

    5.在太阳神14号和17号的传送画面中,航天员遮光面罩反射了很大的强光,那是射灯的反射,证明现场只是一个布景。

    反驳“登月骗局”论据

    1.当航天员插旗时,用力扭动,扭动再加上铝金属制旗杆本身弹性引起的震动,便造成国旗的摆动。在真空的环境中,没有空气的缓冲,国旗反而可以摆动多时不停。

    2.月球表面凹凸不平,所以影子出现长短不一的现象。航天员用的哈苏摄影机,配用60mm Bio-Gon广角镜头,亦会令扭曲了原本平衡的影子。

    3.没星星是菲林曝光问题,若要拍到星星,月面上的东西都会曝光过度。没影子因为John Young并非站在地上,而是跃起了,在半“真”空中,所以影子距离他身体几呎外。

    4.以显微镜细看,C字只是相纸上一条头发或衣物纤维的影子。

    5.那个反光是月球地平在线一些恒久的玻璃状物质所造成。

还有其他方面,比如:

月球没有大气层,因而也就没有空气折射的问题,那么应该清晰地看到月空中群星闪耀的图景,可是NASA提供的照片上却看不到一颗星星; 

登月飞船降落在月球表面时,应该有巨大的粉尘被推进器吹起,可是在照片上和纪录片中显示的月球陆地表面却平静如常; 

一些登月照片上的穿凿痕迹明显,在远景和近景之间有一道十分隐蔽的线,使人怀疑是否是采用了电影特技中的“褪光扫描法”,即先画出远景再用光影予以掩饰。 

一些天文爱好者也指出,即使是在地球上,喷气式飞机的引擎可以将鸡蛋大的石头吹出几十米远,可是在引力弱得多的月球上,登月舱在登陆时至少会吹动极其壮观的烟尘,定然飞沙走石才对,可是在提供的录像上却恰恰相反。

阿波罗计划骗局说的支持者主要提出了以下观点和证据: 

第一,阿波罗计划的登月照片是伪造的。根据在月面所拍摄照片上的阴影计算的太阳入射角和NASA所公布的宇航员在月面活动时间、坐标点与月相周期 比较发现有十分明显的相悖之处。反对者指出:以阿波罗11为例,登月点是在月球上的静海,东经235度,北纬06度,从地球发射时间是19697 16日格林尼治标准时间1332分,在月球上的舱外活动时间约两个半小时,是从第109小时733秒到第111小时3913秒。据计算,阳光与月面 间的入射角只有6度到7度,几乎紧贴地平线。但是阿波罗11那张美国国旗插上月球的照片显示,阳光入射角大约有近30度,显然不合逻辑。 

第二,登月录像也是伪造的。经过对阿波罗登月录像进行分析,有人提出录像带中的宇航员在月面上的跳跃动作、高度与在地面上的跳跃动作、高度相同。而月球上重力是地球的六分之一,应该轻易地比地球上跳得高六倍,远六倍。可是从录像上看,宇航员跳离地面还不到一米远。 

第三,登月计划的工程进度有悖常理。19671月,阿波罗一号才刚刚研制出来,技术可谓极不成熟。在作登月舱充纯氧试验时,电线碰擦引起大火, 导致三名宇航员被熏死。随后便进行了诸多重大的改进,登月计划的硬件技术研制被迫推迟了一年多,可是才到了19697月,在如此之短的时间内,就一次登 月成功,从技术层面看,令人难以信服。 

第四,用来运载阿波罗登月飞船的火箭土星五号为何被弃而不用?土星五运载火箭功率巨大,其技术成就超过时下的各类型火箭和航天飞机,但是却被废 弃,甚至连图纸也没有保存下来。更令人诧异的是,美国直到今天都没有合适的运载工具把空间站送上地球轨道,就是因为没有功率强大的运载飞行器,现代航天飞 机也只不过一次把不超过二十吨小载荷送入地球低轨道,而六十年代就研制出来的土星五,传说可以轻而易举的把一百吨以上载荷送至地球轨道,把几十吨物体推出 地球重力圈,用于发射空间站应该轻而易举。登月前后的5年间,美国共发射了17个土星五用于运载阿波罗宇宙飞船,成功率达100%!以如此优秀的表演记 录,竟然退出江湖,着实令人费解,NASA至今只是以土星五制造成本太高为由作答。 

第五,如何解释宇宙空间的辐射对宇航员的影响?今天人们都知道,外太空有各式各样的宇宙辐射,有些可能致命。一般的核电站都是用几米厚的铅块加混 凝土层阻挡可能的核辐射泄漏,让宇宙飞船采用几米厚的金属层来抵挡辐射显然不现实,而宇航员穿的那十几毫米厚的宇航服对阻挡高能射线根本没有作用,当年登 月的时候这个致命的问题又是如何估算和解决的呢? 

第六,阿姆斯特朗的脚印可能吗?正如凯恩指出的那样,登月舱降落月面时,必然会吹起巨大的粉尘,那么照片上阿姆斯特朗的第一个脚印又如何来得那么 清晰?而且出于避开巨大的沙尘的考虑,降落在月球岩石平面才是最佳选择,如果确实如此,那脚印又从何而来?对此美国政府一直没有明确回答。 

质疑者们还提出了许多其它问题,比如,温度对摄像器材的影响:月面白天温度高达250华氏度,照片显示,宇航员所用相机是裸露在宇航服之外的,没有任何保温设施。胶卷在150度即受热卷曲而失效,怎么可能拍出照片呢? 

当然,捍卫阿波罗登月壮举真实性的声音也坚决回击,针对凯恩所说的照片中没有星光的问题,中国摄影家鲍昆指出,在夜间拍摄晴朗的月亮时,大概的曝 光组合为F56121秒/ISO100℃(视大气能见度而定),这时夜空中的星星在底片上是不会留下痕迹的。即使是夜空中最亮的星星,如猎户座的 天狼星也需曝光在23秒以上,而且留下的也只不过是该星的运动轨迹。#S#月面的摄影环境其实就是把地球的白天和黑夜一起置于相机前,是两种完全不同的 对立的选择,根本不可能拍出常规意义上的效果,二者只能居其一,因此登月照片造假说不能成立。对于照片中呈现的光亮程度和明暗对比不协调的问题,鲍昆认 为,不可能是由于造假时使用人工光源所致,最直接的理由就是登月舱的表面本身就是巨型的反射光源,把太阳光反射到月面导致明暗对比度不均匀。




最后,我要说的是,美国人真的挺有意思啊,什么事情都有,什么声音都有。另外,我真心的感谢中央电视台,他们不制作节目的话我还是不知道有这么回事;其次感谢互联网,一搜索就可以知道事情的大致全貌。

互联网的好处是,可以道听途说一些不知道是真是假的东西。比如,北大的阿忆曾经在blog上说,刘胡兰是被老乡杀死的;还有关于我们的长城能否从太空上看到,等等。互联网有意思,可以把很多人的脑子连在一起。











 
Moon flag
A flag on the Moon that appears to be flapping when there should be no air is but one piece in a much larger story. (credit: NASA)

We never went to the Moon (No, really.)

It’s all true. We never went to the Moon. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin never set foot on Mare Tranquilitatus. They filmed it all on a soundstage in Nevada’s Area 51. Stanley Kubrick directed, slowing down the film speed to make it look like the astronauts were walking in low gravity. He used the same techniques he developed for his movie 2001: A Space Odyssey, which “coincidentally” came out in 1968, the same year that NASA claimed to send Apollo 8 around the moon. But Kubrick was forced to do it, and so he left clues in the photographs. If you look at them closely you can see that some of the shadows do not match up and there are other inconsistencies. The flags wave when there is no air. There are no blast craters under the lunar landers. Kubrick was a master filmmaker and he would not have been so sloppy with his art—he would have put the blast craters there and he would not have allowed the flags to wave. But perhaps he was trying to tell us something, provided we are smart enough to recognize it. Maybe that is why he died under mysterious circumstances in 1999.

President John F. Kennedy announced the lunar goal in 1961. But NASA scientists quickly realized that traveling to the moon is impossible. The Van Allen radiation belts will kill anybody who tries to reach the moon. NASA officials knew this early on and realized that they would have to fake it. In fact, one of the reasons that the CIA, Lyndon Johnson, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the military-industrial complex, and the Knights Templar had John F. Kennedy killed was because Kennedy was about to cancel the Apollo program. Too many people were going to make too much money from faking the lunar program, so Apollo had to continue. Oliver Stone knew it. He even mentioned it in his movie JFK. And he has hardly worked since then. That is not a coincidence.

Lyndon Johnson knew that he had to get somebody competent to run the lunar hoax project, so he recruited the same person who told Franklin Roosevelt in November 1941 that the Japanese were planning to bomb Pearl Harbor. This man—we’ll call him Mr. X—had previously helped Johnson fake the Gulf of Tonkin Incident and can be seen in photos of the grassy knoll in Dallas, carrying an umbrella. He worked as the executive secretary for MAJESTIC-12. For the lunar hoax project Mr. X recruited a number of people from the Philadelphia Experiment. The Brown and Root Company (now Halliburton) built the soundstages.

Of course it is ironic that the Americans had to fake the moon landings, because they already had access to the flying saucer technology recovered at Roswell in 1947.

We now know from reputable sources that the Soviets were about to upstage the American Apollo 8 and Apollo 11 missions by sending cosmonauts to orbit the moon. But their rockets failed, which some people believe is even more proof that it is impossible to send people to the moon. Unfortunately, the Soviet Union lacked the filmmaking technology of the United States and they were unable to fake their own moon missions. But they did find out about the American deception and blackmailed the United States into shipping them millions of tons of grain to buy their silence. Yuri Gagarin found out about this plan, which is why the KGB had him killed. Why else would the United States prevent its adversary from starving except to keep them silent about a major scandal?

Of course it is ironic that the Americans had to fake the moon landings, because they already had access to the flying saucer technology recovered at Roswell in 1947. The three alien pilots all died and were dissected at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, but the flying disc was relatively intact. Unfortunately, the Air Force was not able to successfully copy the disc’s power source, which used a form of Zero Point Energy that the Nazis had tried to perfect. After nearly two decades of trying, the project was finally shelved until the technology was later revived in the 1980s and successfully used to power the Aurora spyplane during test flights in the Bermuda Triangle. Some of the flying disc technology was used in the Stealth Bomber. By an amazing coincidence, the same hangar at Area 51 that for years housed the alien craft was used as the soundstage for the faked moon landings. No American president knew about the Roswell craft or the aliens until Richard Nixon, which is why he had to be removed from office after he found out. Mr. X fed damaging information about Nixon to Woodward and Bernstein using the codename Deep Throat. A few years later, some people in Hollywood made a movie called Capricorn One about a faked Mars mission that also proved that the Apollo landings were fake. Mr. X was called out of retirement to deal with the people involved in this project, one by one. The movie starred O.J. Simpson, and Mr. X had him framed.

A few of Mr. X’s lieutenants stayed with NASA and spent most of their time keeping space exploration expensive, destroying anybody who tried to make it accessible for ordinary people. They were remarkably successful at this. But they were not perfect. They failed to suppress pictures of the Face on Mars. But they were able to destroy a Mars craft in 1992 that would have taken more photos of the Face. By a truly ironic coincidence, their successful efforts in the 1980s to thwart the implementation of the metric system led to the destruction of another Mars spacecraft in the late 1990s that they had not planned on destroying.

Today most of the people who were involved in faking the moon landing have retired or died, although a few of them are involved in other things. Some of them helped the Contras smuggle drugs into the inner city, or framed Martha Stewart.

In the mid-1990s NASA’s budget was being cut and the agency was under attack. So NASA leaders turned to some of Mr. X’s trusted lieutenants and asked them to fake a Mars rover mission and boost the agency’s image. The little Sojourner rover which was supposedly rolling around the Martian surface was actually filmed on a soundstage. But it was not in the same hangar used for the faked Apollo landings. That hangar at the time housed an alien UFO that crashed in Pennsylvania in the 1960s. So they used a Hollywood soundstage instead, which they rented from actress Mira Sorvino, who had gotten a Best Supporting Actress Oscar in 1992 in return for agreeing to work for the United States Government. Senator John Glenn found out about this. So, under orders from NASA Administrator Goldin and President Bill Clinton, Mr. X’s lieutenants arranged to have Glenn fly on a space shuttle in order to buy his silence. But Clinton soon ran afoul of some of these powerful men, and we all know what happened to him (Lewinsky). Clinton has recently gotten payback in his memoir where he mentions the Apollo lunar landing hoax. You can look it up. Page 156.

Today most of the people who were involved in faking the moon landing have retired or died, although a few of them are involved in other things. Some of them helped the Contras smuggle drugs into the inner city, or framed Martha Stewart. Some of them now work for Halliburton (formerly Brown and Root—another coincidence?), where they run the program to build a natural gas pipeline through Afghanistan. George Bush was told to invade that country by his Saudi masters, some of whom are not even human, but aliens. Why do you think Saudi “women” wear those burkas? They hide their tentacles. Fortunately, Michael Moore is investigating.

However, although little of this original talent remains, today’s technology is so advanced that it would be much easier to fake new space landings using computers and some basic props. That is why President Bush announced a new Mars program. NASA is right now remodeling the Area 51 soundstage. I hear that the fat guy who directed the Lord of the Rings movies is in charge of the project.




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