[科普资料] 米兰科维奇 Milankovitch 假说

[科普资料] 米兰科维奇 Milankovitch 假说

米兰科维奇假说，由塞尔维亚的土木工程师兼数学家米卢廷·米兰科维奇（Milutin Milankovitch, Milanković or Milankovich）于1920年在论文《Mathematical Theory of Thermal Phenomena Caused by Solar Radiation》中首先提出。之后有数篇论文进行研究。
米兰科维奇认为“地球公转轨道偏心率 eccentricity, 10万年周期”、“地轴倾角或黄赤交角 obliquity, 4.1 万年周期”和“岁差或地轴进动 precession, 2.6 万年周期”，会驱使地球发生气候变化。

（1）偏心率

（2）倾角

（3）岁差

Milankovitch (Orbital) Cycles and Their Role in Earth's Climate
https://climate.nasa.gov/news/2948/milankovitch-orbital-cycles-and-their-role-in-earths-climate/

Why Milankovitch (Orbital) Cycles Can't Explain Earth's Current Warming
https://climate.nasa.gov/blog/2949/why-milankovitch-orbital-cycles-cant-explain-earths-current-warming/

[1] 米兰科维奇假说，百度百科[EB/OL]
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E7%B1%B3%E5%85%B0%E7%A7%91%E7%BB%B4%E5%A5%87%E5%81%87%E8%AF%B4

[2] 丁仲礼. 米兰科维奇冰期旋回理论:挑战与机遇[J]. 第四纪研究, 2006, 26(5): 710-717.
http://qikan.cqvip.com/Qikan/Article/Detail?id=22831405
https://kns.cnki.net/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?dbname=cjfd2006&filename=dsjj200605004

[3] 浅谈米兰科维奇理论[J]. 《科技信息》 2012年第33期I0057-I0058,共2页
http://qikan.cqvip.com/Qikan/Article/Detail?id=44232419
https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-KJXX201233408.htm
[4] Milutin Milankovitch, Serbian mathematician and geophysicist,[EB/OL] Encyclop&aelig;dia Britannica
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Milutin-Milankovitch
Milutin Milankovitch, Milankovitch also spelled Milanković or Milankovich, (born May 28, 1879, Dalj, Austria-Hungary [now in Croatia]—died December 12, 1958, Belgrade, Yugoslavia [now in Serbia]),
Those studies provided evidence for cyclical climate change in the past with periods of approximately 100,000, 41,000, and 23,000 years, coinciding with the astronomical cycles in eccentricity, axial tilt, and precession, respectively. The astronomically timed variations in solar radiation are now known as Milankovitch cycles.
[5] American Museum of Natural History, Milutin Milankovitch: Seeking the Cause of the Ice Ages [EB/OL]
https://www.amnh.org/learn-teach/curriculum-collections/earth-inside-and-out/milutin-milankovitch-seeking-the-cause-of-the-ice-ages
[6] NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2020-02-27, Milankovitch (Orbital) Cycles and Their Role in Earth's Climate [EB/OL]
https://climate.nasa.gov/news/2948/milankovitch-orbital-cycles-and-their-role-in-earths-climate/
The Milankovitch cycles include:
The shape of Earth’s orbit, known as eccentricity;
The angle Earth’s axis is tilted with respect to Earth’s orbital plane, known as obliquity; and
The direction Earth’s axis of rotation is pointed, known as precession.
[7] NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2020-02-27, Why Milankovitch (Orbital) Cycles Can't Explain Earth's Current Warming [EB/OL]
https://climate.nasa.gov/blog/2949/why-milankovitch-orbital-cycles-cant-explain-earths-current-warming/
[8] Variations in the earth's orbit: Pacemaker of the ice ages [J]

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/194/4270/1121/tab-pdf
[9] Variations in the Earth's Orbit: Pacemaker of the Ice Ages? [J]

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/198/4316/528
[10] Institute for Creation Research, 2020-10-26, Milankovitch Ice Age Theory in the News [EB/OL]
https://www.icr.org/article/milankovitch-ice-age-theory-in-the-news
[11] Milankovitch Cycles [EB/OL], Eric W. Weisstein
https://scienceworld.wolfram.com/astronomy/MilankovitchCycles.html
[12] 中科院地球环境研究所，2020-10-22，神奇的循环，解开地球冰期之谜！[EB/OL]
https://www.163.com/dy/article/FPIDB4BG05324XHY.html
[13] 知乎，2016-01-24，地球为什么会有大的冰川期？为什么会有冰期和间冰期旋回？
https://www.zhihu.com/question/28885488

[1] 2019-12-04，往日（2）：El Nino发生机制的天文成因
http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1208782.html
[2] 2021-01-04，《中国科技论文在线》给贴出了“大气遥相关 teleconnection”的天文成因
http://wap.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1265644.html
http://www.paper.edu.cn/releasepaper/content/200710-503

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1274123.html

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