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[科普资料] 米兰科维奇 Milankovitch 假说

已有 1107 次阅读 2021-2-27 14:19 |系统分类:科研笔记

[科普资料] 米兰科维奇 Milankovitch 假说

                     

Milutin Milankovitch 01.jpg 

米兰科维奇,Milutin Milanković1879-05-28 ~ 1958-12-12,享年 79 岁。http://profitmagazin.com/editions/number_076-077.575.html

                                
    米兰科维奇假说,由塞尔维亚的土木工程师兼数学家米卢廷·米兰科维奇(Milutin Milankovitch, Milanković or Milankovich)于1920年在论文《Mathematical Theory of Thermal Phenomena Caused by Solar Radiation》中首先提出。之后有数篇论文进行研究。
    米兰科维奇认为“地球公转轨道偏心率 eccentricity, 10万年周期”、“地轴倾角或黄赤交角 obliquity, 4.1 万年周期”和“岁差或地轴进动 precession, 2.6 万年周期”,会驱使地球发生气候变化。

                             

2020-02-27 Milankovitch (Orbital) Cycles 01 eccentricity.gif

(1)偏心率

2020-02-27 Milankovitch (Orbital) Cycles 02 Obliquity.gif

(2)倾角

2020-02-27 Milankovitch (Orbital) Cycles 03 Precession.gif

(3)岁差

 Milankovitch (Orbital) Cycles and Their Role in Earth's Climate
https://climate.nasa.gov/news/2948/milankovitch-orbital-cycles-and-their-role-in-earths-climate/

                       

此外,
Why Milankovitch (Orbital) Cycles Can't Explain Earth's Current Warming
https://climate.nasa.gov/blog/2949/why-milankovitch-orbital-cycles-cant-explain-earths-current-warming/
有个小视频。

            

地球公转轨道偏心率周期:100 ka 和413 ka,即 10万年、4.13万年。
岁差周期:30 ka 和23 ka,即 3万年、2.3万年。

                       

轨道参数包括偏心率:准400和100 ka周期。地轴倾角(黄赤交角):41 ka周期。
岁差:23和19 ka周期。

             
参考资料:
[1] 米兰科维奇假说,百度百科[EB/OL]
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E7%B1%B3%E5%85%B0%E7%A7%91%E7%BB%B4%E5%A5%87%E5%81%87%E8%AF%B4

[2] 丁仲礼. 米兰科维奇冰期旋回理论:挑战与机遇[J]. 第四纪研究, 2006, 26(5): 710-717.
http://qikan.cqvip.com/Qikan/Article/Detail?id=22831405
https://kns.cnki.net/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?dbname=cjfd2006&filename=dsjj200605004

[3] 浅谈米兰科维奇理论[J]. 《科技信息》 2012年第33期I0057-I0058,共2页
http://qikan.cqvip.com/Qikan/Article/Detail?id=44232419
https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-KJXX201233408.htm
[4] Milutin Milankovitch, Serbian mathematician and geophysicist,[EB/OL] Encyclopædia Britannica
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Milutin-Milankovitch
   Milutin Milankovitch, Milankovitch also spelled Milanković or Milankovich, (born May 28, 1879, Dalj, Austria-Hungary [now in Croatia]—died December 12, 1958, Belgrade, Yugoslavia [now in Serbia]),
   Those studies provided evidence for cyclical climate change in the past with periods of approximately 100,000, 41,000, and 23,000 years, coinciding with the astronomical cycles in eccentricity, axial tilt, and precession, respectively. The astronomically timed variations in solar radiation are now known as Milankovitch cycles.
[5] American Museum of Natural History, Milutin Milankovitch: Seeking the Cause of the Ice Ages [EB/OL]
https://www.amnh.org/learn-teach/curriculum-collections/earth-inside-and-out/milutin-milankovitch-seeking-the-cause-of-the-ice-ages
[6] NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2020-02-27, Milankovitch (Orbital) Cycles and Their Role in Earth's Climate [EB/OL]
https://climate.nasa.gov/news/2948/milankovitch-orbital-cycles-and-their-role-in-earths-climate/
   The Milankovitch cycles include:
   The shape of Earth’s orbit, known as eccentricity;
   The angle Earth’s axis is tilted with respect to Earth’s orbital plane, known as obliquity; and
   The direction Earth’s axis of rotation is pointed, known as precession.
[7] NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2020-02-27, Why Milankovitch (Orbital) Cycles Can't Explain Earth's Current Warming [EB/OL]
https://climate.nasa.gov/blog/2949/why-milankovitch-orbital-cycles-cant-explain-earths-current-warming/
[8] Variations in the earth's orbit: Pacemaker of the ice ages [J]
作者:Hays, J.D.a,b,c;Imbrie, J.a,d;Shackleton, N.J.a,e 刊名:Science 出版日期:1976 卷号:Vol.194 期号:No.4270 页码:1121-1132 doi:10.1126/science.194.4270.1121
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/194/4270/1121/tab-pdf
[9] Variations in the Earth's Orbit: Pacemaker of the Ice Ages? [J]
作者:D. L. Evans 刊名:Science 出版日期:1977 卷号:Vol.198 期号:No.4316 页码:528-530
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/198/4316/528
[10] Institute for Creation Research, 2020-10-26, Milankovitch Ice Age Theory in the News [EB/OL]
https://www.icr.org/article/milankovitch-ice-age-theory-in-the-news
[11] Milankovitch Cycles [EB/OL], Eric W. Weisstein
https://scienceworld.wolfram.com/astronomy/MilankovitchCycles.html
[12] 中科院地球环境研究所,2020-10-22,神奇的循环,解开地球冰期之谜![EB/OL]
https://www.163.com/dy/article/FPIDB4BG05324XHY.html
[13] 知乎,2016-01-24,地球为什么会有大的冰川期?为什么会有冰期和间冰期旋回?
https://www.zhihu.com/question/28885488

相关链接:
[1] 2019-12-04,往日(2):El Nino发生机制的天文成因
http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1208782.html
[2] 2021-01-04,《中国科技论文在线》给贴出了“大气遥相关 teleconnection”的天文成因
http://wap.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1265644.html
http://www.paper.edu.cn/releasepaper/content/200710-503

           

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